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FSU FAD 2230 - Chapter 11 Intimate Partner Violence

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Intimate Partner Violence: defined as violence between those who are physically and sexually intimate, such as spouses or partnersCan encompass physical, economic, sexual, or psychologicalHow We Define and Measure Intimate Partner ViolenceConflict Tactics Scale (CTS): a scale based on how people deal with disagreements in relationshipsFemicide: the killing of womenType of Intimate Partner ViolenceCommon Couple ViolenceIntimate TerrorismViolent ResistanceMutual Violent ControlStalking and CyberstalkingCoping with Violence: Leaving and StayingLearned Helplessness: the psychological condition of having low self-esteem, feeling helpless, and having no control that is caused by repeated abuseBattered Women’s Syndrome: a recognized psychological condition, often a subcategory of post-traumatic stress syndrome, used to describe someone who has been the victim of consistent and/or severe domestic violenceViolence in Gay and Lesbian RelationshipsDating ViolenceRape and Sexual AssaultRape of College Campuses“Date Rape” Drugs: Drugs that are used to immobilize a person to facilitate an assaultChild Abuse and NeglectChild Abuse: an attack on a child that results in an injury and violates our social normsTypes of Child AbuseCorporal PunishmentWho Would Abuse Children?Sex TraffickingElder AbuseExplanations for Violence among IntimatesMicro-Level ExplanationsThe intergenerational Transmission of Violence: A cycle of violence that is passed down to dependentsStress ExplanationMicro-Level FactorsParental DivorceIntergenerational Transmission of Divorce: a pattern noted by researchers that people whose parents divorced are also more likely to divorceAge at MarriageMacro-Structural FactorsLevel of Socioeconomic DevelopmentReligionDivorce LawsNo-Fault Divorce: a type of divorce, now prevalent in all fifty states, in which a divorcing couple can go before a judge without one party having to blame the otherThe Phases of Separation1. Honeymoon: everything is perfect and everyone is happy2. Erosion: people began to start having problems with each other and the feelings begin to wash away. For example: arguments and ignoring3. High Conflict: conflict escalates and more and more problems occur4. Apathy: they don’t care anymore and have no desire to work the problems out5. Legal Separation: a binding agreement signed by both spouses that provides details about child supportAffairs occur between high conflict and apathyThe Stations of DivorceDefined as the interrelated emotional, legal, economic, co-parental, community, and psychic dimensions of divorce, which together attempt to capture the complexity of the divorce experienceThe Emotional DivorceLegal DivorceThe termination of the marriage contract by a state court orderEconomic DivorceAlimony: payment by one partner to the other to support the more dependent spouse for a period of timeCo-Parental DivorceLegal Custody: a custody agreement where one parent has the legal authority to make important decisions concerning the children after a divorceChild Snatching: the act of a noncustodial parent kidnapping his or her childThe Community DivorceThe Psychic DivorceA Helping Hand: Divorce MediationDivorce Mediation: a non-adversarial means of resolution, in which the divorcing couple, along with a third party, such as a therapist or trained mediator, negotiate the terms of the financial, custody, and visitation settlementDivorce and Children: Child SupportChild Support Order: a legal document delineating the amount and circumstances surrounding the financial support of noncustodial childrenLong-Term EffectsAge and Sex of the ChildA Word of CautionShort-Term EffectsParental ConflictLoss of a ParentA Reduced Standard of LivingAdjusting to TransitionsThe “Good Divorce”Binuclear Family: a type of family consisting of divorced parents living in two separate households but remaining one family in spirit for the sake of the childrenBeing Single AgainThe Emotional Effects of DivorceRelationships between Custodial Parents and ChildrenIssues for Custodial Mothers:Downward MobilityCustodial Fathers:Growing GroupRepartnering after a DivorceRepartnering: the act of entering into a relationship after a divorce, which may lead to cohabitation or marriageRemarriageDouble Standard of Aging: the view that women’s attractiveness and femininity decline with age, but men’s attractiveness and masculinity do not declineStepfamiliesBlended Family (or reconstituted family): Another term for stepfamily; a family that may consist of stepparents, stepsiblings, or half-siblingsSiblings: children who share both biological parentsStepsiblings: children not biologically related but whose parents are married to one anotherHalf-Sibling: a child who shares one biological parent with another childMutual Child(ren): the child (or children) born to a couple that has remarriedBaby Boom Generation: people born in the years after World War II through the early 1960sThe “Oldest-Old” are Increasing65- early old75- now your old80- oldLife Expectancy: the amount of time (in years) a person can expect to live from birthCentenarian: a person who lives at least 100 yearsElder women still outnumber elder menSocial Security: a federal government-sponsored cash assistance program for seniors (and survivors)Family TransitionsLife-Stage Perspective: a perspective that claims development proceeds through a fairly set pattern of sequential stages that most people experienceLife-Span Perspective: a perspective that claims to development is a lifelong process, is multidirectional, and consists of both positive and negative changes involving gains and lossesLife-Course Perspective: a perspective that sees age-related transitions as socially produced, socially recognized, and shared – a product of social structure, historical forces, and cultureBoomerang Children: children leaving (and returning) homeMarital SatisfactionSexualityThe Division of Household LaborProcess of Grief and Bereavement:Not linear. May have some or all. Might jump around.DenialAngerBargainingDepressionAcceptanceGrandparents and GrandchildrenChanging grandparent role over the last century:Grand parenting has become a role distinct from parentingGrandparents are healthier and better educatedGrandparents are more likely to recognize the importance of emotional involvementGrandparents and their grandchildren can more easily travel long distances and communicate by telephone or computerType of


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