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FSU FAD 2230 - Chp.11 stress and crisis

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1. Crisis: A critical change of events that disrupts the functioning of a person’s life.2. Family Stress: Tensions that test a family’s emotional resources.3. Acute Stress: Short-term stress4. Chronic Stress: Long-Term stress5. Takes more of a toll on the family atmosphere, affects the person physically, emotionally, psychologically1. 3 Distinct Phases:a. The event that causes the crisisb. The period of disorganization that followsc. The reorganization that takes place afterwards2. Five Patterns of the Effects of Stress/Crises on Family Functioninga. No change in functioning - 15%b. Increased family functioning (improve on areas of their family life)-18%c. Decreased family functioning- 5% (very few families have a crisis that totally destroys them)d. The crisis arises a pattern of disorganization but eventually they climb their way out and level out. -51%e. Mixed patterns -11%1. ABC-X Model: A model designed to help us understand the variation in the ways that families cope with stress and crisis.a. A factor- stressor eventb. B factor- crisis meeting resourcesc. C factor- definition of event (how you interpret the event)2. Double ABC-X Model: A model designed to help us understand the effects of the accumulation of stresses and crises and how families adapt to them.b. aA factor- pile upc. bB factor and cC factor – existing and new resources3. Stress is a perception in the brain.a. Beating, kicking, pushing, hitting with objects, stabling, strangling, shooting, etc.b. Can result in serious injuryc. Occurs in all social sectors, but abused are most likely to be women, young, nonwhite, and less-educated, with lower household incomes.d. What is the difference between spanking and abusing? Sometimes you don’t know until it’s too late. But, in the state of Florida, if you hit a child and leave a mark that stays more than 24 hours, you have abused them.e. Children associate hitting with lack of love or disappointment.e. Harm or predictable harm to a child under the age of 18 caused by a parent, guardian, or other person responsible for a child’s welfare. Results from assault, willful inattention, and failure to provide the necessities of life.2. Power and Control Wheela. Using economic abuseb. Using coercion and threatsc. Using intimidationd. Using emotional abusee. Using isolationf. Using childreng. Minimizing, denying, and blamingh. Using male privilege1. Depends on how the population is sampled, you can get an overinflated number1. In 2011, there were 10 marriages and 10 divorces, 1:1.2. But in 2012, there were still 10 divorces but 100 marriages, 10:1, so it would make it look like the divorce rate gone down but the divorce rate didn’t actually go down so it’s impossible to look at marriages and compare them to divorces.1. Calculating the number of divorces per 1000 people in a population.II. What We “Know” About Divorcea. Between 1960 and 1979, the refined divorce rate rose from 9.2 divorces to 22.8 (per 1000 married women age 15 and older)b. From this peak, the divorce rate dropped from 19.5 in 1996, the lowest rate since 1974.c. In 1997, the refined divorce rate was 19.8.i. Start to alienate themselves from one another—can happen before the legal divorcei. Judge, attorneys, child support/custodyi. Splitting social supports and contacts—mutual friendsi. Psychological aspects—change back from “we” to “me”i. Financial Aspect—child support, alimony, shared debti. Children have associated life stresses from divorceii. Moving houses, schools, living with one parent, lose petsi. when a child’s parents are married, child can see both parents.ii. After the divorce you can only be with one at a timei. children see parents before, during, and after divorceii. A lot of times the child witnessesiii. Parents may also fight though their child: “go tell your father…”1. Older, know what you want/don’t want, know what works for you/doesn’t work.1. Fear of falling in another relationshipa. Homogamy does not play a central role in finding a mate, as it did with the first marriage.b. Older people, particularly those widowed, may be likely to marry homogomously, but this rule does not apply to middle-aged or younger people.a. Childreni. Lower the likelihood of remarriage for both men and women.ii. The impact of children is great on women’s probability of remarriage.b. Agei. Works against women.i. once kids have a divorce and they have a new family the child wonders how long this family is going to last because the last one ended too.I. Chp.11 stress and crisisa. The nature of stress & crisis1. Crisis: A critical change of events that disrupts the functioning of a person’s life.2. Family Stress: Tensions that test a family’s emotional resources.3. Acute Stress: Short-term stress4. Chronic Stress: Long-Term stress5. Takes more of a toll on the family atmosphere, affects the person physically, emotionally, psychologicallyii. The social readjustment rating scale1. A scale of major life events over the past year, each of which is assigned a point value2. The higher the score, the greater the chance of having a serious medical eventiii. Patterns of family crisis1. 3 Distinct Phases:a. The event that causes the crisisb. The period of disorganization that followsc. The reorganization that takes place afterwards2. Five Patterns of the Effects of Stress/Crises on Family Functioninga. No change in functioning - 15%b. Increased family functioning (improve on areas of their family life)-18%c. Decreased family functioning- 5% (very few families have a crisis that totally destroys them)d. The crisis arises a pattern of disorganization but eventually they climb their way out and level out. -51%e. Mixed patterns -11%iv. Coping or not: The ABC- X models1. ABC-X Model: A model designed to help us understand the variation in the ways that families cope with stress and crisis.a. A factor- stressor eventb. B factor- crisis meeting resourcesc. C factor- definition of event (how you interpret the event)2. Double ABC-X Model: A model designed to help us understand the effects of the accumulation of stresses and crises and how families adapt to them.a. Adaptation Continuum i. Maladaptation-----------------------Bonadaptation 1. Mal – ex. Is turning to alcohol2. Bon- ex. Family working togetherb. aA factor- pile upc. bB factor and cC factor – existing and new resources3. Stress is a perception in the brain. b. Violence among intimatesi. Violence isn’t just a personal


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