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FSU AMH 2097 - AMH FINAL

Documents in this Course
Italians

Italians

23 pages

Midterm 1

Midterm 1

14 pages

Test 3

Test 3

23 pages

Exam 3

Exam 3

10 pages

Key Terms

Key Terms

11 pages

Test 2

Test 2

11 pages

Exam #2

Exam #2

10 pages

EXAM 2

EXAM 2

7 pages

Exam 2

Exam 2

10 pages

Exam 1

Exam 1

14 pages

Exam 1

Exam 1

14 pages

Notes

Notes

21 pages

Test 3

Test 3

20 pages

Chinese

Chinese

12 pages

Chinese

Chinese

10 pages

EXAM 3

EXAM 3

10 pages

Chinese

Chinese

62 pages

Notes

Notes

8 pages

Exam #3

Exam #3

10 pages

Africans

Africans

48 pages

Mexicans

Mexicans

12 pages

Notes

Notes

5 pages

Notes

Notes

4 pages

Exam 1

Exam 1

7 pages

Test 1

Test 1

12 pages

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AMH FINAL Which treaty took more than half of Mexico’s land?o Hidalgo – ceded southwest to the USo Divine providence – god gave them the power to conquer inferiors Why did Americans occupy Mexican lands?o Manifest destiny, land, labor, resources, more exports and less imports, agriculture, business, trade, frontier, slavery What purchase expanded the border in NM and AZ?o Gadsden Purchase - $10 mil, transit rights said Mexicans were allowed to cross the border whenever they want What tactics did Americans use to take Mexican lands?o Violence! “War is the only recourse!” – Stephen Austin (1st settler)o The Alamo – 630 d Mexico cedes Texas – Sam Houston (1st president)o Required illegitimate surveys and deeds  debt In which war were Irish forced to fight in return for promised of citizenship?o Mexican Where were Chinese immigrants often held when they arrived to CA?o Angel Island – some detained up to 3 years How did Chinatown transform from a crime area to a tourist area?o Six companies helped clean up Chinatowno Tourists rehabilitated buildings, festivals/parades, restaurants, shopso Basically sold their culture – commodification of culture Riots in LA erupted against young Hispanics wearing what?o Zoot Suits What ethnicity made up the Purple Heart Battalion?o Japanese For new Jewish immigrants to America, what was so special about the peddler’s pack?o Taught them American ways and culture What was the double V campaign? Explain how it was startedo Encouraged support of war and expanded freedoms at homeo Victory abroad and on the home front In what areas did the Bashalde Roma settle?o Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, Pittsburgh Who occupied Old California?o Mestizos, early American Settlers What are Mestizos?o Mixed race of Indian and Negro with a trace of Spanish Who moved to New California?o Yankees wanting wealth and land – foreign miners taxo Protestants disgusted with Mexicanso Americans acting like Mexicans What was the Chinese mutual aid society that helped clean up Chinatowns?o Six Companies Who were the Tongs?o Criminal organization that wanted to keep their culture and beliefs, and not Americanize, hatchet men, opium dens, gambling, prostitution How were company towns exploitative?o They hiked prices up and raised rent for minoritieso During strikes strike everything was more money & stores closed What is reconquista?o America has been about half Mexican or Spanisho Surplus of Mexican people in the Southern USo Afraid if Mexicans become majority, they’ll re-conquer land What is nativism?o If you’re not born here you don’t belong hereo Native people > immigrants Why were Chinese immigrants a bachelor society?o Patriarchal cultural valueso Sojourning mentalityo Hazardous American Westo Anti-Chinese sentiment and legislation What are the characteristics of Orientalism?o Backwards, primitive, barbaric, timelessness, exotic Examples of the immigrant experience from American Tailo Castle Garden – 1st immigration center – Americanized nameso Cats – big business, government, oppression, white majorityo Warren T. Rat – child/unfair labor, mobs that controlled big businesso Bridget – Irish immigration, organizing, labor unionso Honest John – Irish politician in NY, knows every votero Many died along the way, help from other immigrants, split up from families, opportunities, women sewed (factory workers) Two anti-Mexican laws?o Greaser act – anti-vagrancy law aimed at Mexicans o Miner’s tax – fees for Spanish speaking miners How did Mexicans lose individual land?o Drought, debt, deeds, unfair legal treatment  Provide an examples of how companies shut down strikes Mexican stereotypeso Bandidos  greaserso Latin lover  ethnic typeo Buffoon  clowno Harlot  spitfireo Machismo  honor Chinese push factorso British imperialismo Opium warso Taiping rebelliono Punti & Hakka strifeo Difficult economic conditionso Flood and famine Why was California an important territory for expansion?o Outlet to Pacific, raw materials What term refers to people who come from countries where Spanish or Portuguese is spoken?o [email protected] What did the Page Act do? – targeted womeno Barred “lewd and immoral” immigrants from any “Oriental” country Largest Roma group in the USo Vlax (Romania – former slaves, “tight” culture) What were the other groups?o Romanichals (English Roma – light skin, blonde hair, blue eyes, more assimilated but still worked in agriculture or as American slaves)o Bashalde (came from central Europe  Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, &Pittsburgh in 19th c – worked in industry or entertainment for whites) Why don’t Roma assimilate?o Tried to hard to mold to new societies so were viewed as fakes The Chinese criminal organization running illegal activities in Chinatownso Tongs Disney’s propaganda depicting Latin Americans in a positive light was in response too Good Neighbor Policy Antiziganism? What and why?o A people without a homeland – mistrusted, unpatriotico Physical appearance – swarthy, dirty, promiscuouso Christ killers (nails)o Seen as thieveso Exclusionary customs o Way of life – fortune telling and beggingo Vagueness of ethnicityo Against the Roma  Which Mexican stereotype depicts the virgin mother?o Marianismo – self-sacrificing, hunsband/family first, off limits to white men, beautiful but pure What are the others?o Bandidos – greasers, stupid & simple, dirty, sombrero, mustacheo Latin Lover – 1920 ethnic type, hot accent, suave, sexy, gets white girlso Buffoon – clowns, sidekick, add humor at expense of stereotypeo Harlot – spitfire, slut, lusty & uncontrollable, hot temperedo The Domestic – male and female, working for wealthy whites – can be combined with Harlot (seduces husband/wife)o Machismo – protective, courageous, honor, violent, sexist, hyper-masculine, objectifies women Burlingame Treaty? What and why?o Pressured by railroad companies because they wanted cheap laboro Allowed Chinese immigration: said they could come to US but still couldn’t be citizenso Provided railroad workers The first Anti-Chinese immigration act passed in 1870o Naturalization act - institutional racism Gave citizenship to what groups?o Whites and Africans only; excluded Asians, Mexicans, and American Indians 1882 – which act banned laborers and denied citizenship?o


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