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FSU AMH 2097 - Patriarchy

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Midterm 1

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Patriarchy Males rule everythingo Makes all decisions Chinese big on thisClans Group of people related by blood or marriage  Clan called by their last nameo Last name Tong= Tong Clan No concept of individualismo If you were on your own you were the lowest class Beggers and prostitutes Eldest Male Eldest male is head of the clan o Once eldest male dies power goes to next oldesto Decides EVERYTHING for clan Where they live, jobs, husbands/wives, if they go overseas Listen to him no matter whato No questioning authoritySurname Last name is your whole identity Tells what clan your from i.e. your importance/rank in society“Guadong” or Canton Province Most immigrants come from here Home of the capital city Taishan/Toishan Trade hubo Right on the ocean Known for firework production Diverse and cosmopolitano No agriculture REASONS FOR LEAVING CHINAOverpopulation People didn’t pay taxes so government couldn’t give them what their taxes typically paid foro Couldn’t import food because there weren’t taxes Had no way to grow it either Lots of people, not enough resourcesImperialism Outside nation comes in to take over o Europeans mainly came in and took over Canton Province to gain access to trade Wanted opium specificallyo Europeans just gave Hong Kong back about 5 years ago Bring their own ideas about life and culture and change the atmosphereo Ends up being that immigrants keep their culture better than the ones who stay in Chinao Younger generations assimilate to British cultureo Idea of individualism takes hold Bring their own people over and take jobs from the ChineseOpium Wars British want to take over control of opium trade and Chinese said HELL NOTsunami Two tsunamis back to back Destroyed both British and Chinese propertyo Destroyed harbor too Series of droughts and floodso Main crops are rice, tea, and poppy (for opium) but they don’t do well with the drastic water level fluctuationo Leaves no crops to trade or eatGum Saan  US advertises that they need gold miners in Calio “Gold Mountain”o Just a ploy to get them to come work Chinese clans pool money and pick the bet candidates to immigrate to USReturn Migration Go over for 5 years then come back to China with moneyo Usually meet wife for the first time, get her pregnant, then go away for another 5 yearso Cycle repeats for about 30 years until man is allowed to stay home Send young males because America loves youth long and expensive journey which is why they stay in America for years before getting to go home Called SOJOURNER because they’re constantly moving aroundo Never in one placeBachelor Society All males, hardly any woman at all come overo Which is why US fears that Chinese will rape the white womenChinatown  Ethnic enclaveo Keep culture here better than they do in China Located in San Francisco Use to be ghettoo White still consider it to be Built on the sewage system Just like another province of China but in America Lots of Mexicans and blacks also live around that areaThe Six Companies  Literally 6 controlling companies in Chinatown Called KONGSI in Chinese Join a company based on your clano Big clans and clan friends form the companies o Pledge allegiance to only serve that companyo Basically like having a clan back in China but with all males Still a head figure who tells you what to do• Travels all the time though so never physically thereo Has someone stand in for him while he’s goneo Set you up with everything you need House, job, ect Take your body back to China if you die Come over and leave on their ships Other companies don’t like each othero Fight with each other for majority power in Chinatown Have their own legal system with judges, jury, and policeo If you break a law the whites will never know because the Chinese take care of it themselves Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Society Chinese start moving from China town so the 6 Companies make this to control them Basically 6 Companies in another placeTongs  People outside of the 6 Companieso Linked by individual friendship Like the 6 Companieso 6 Companies don’t like them Have to pay them lots of money to use their ships to go back to China Make them out to be criminals because 6 companies can’t control them• Embrace this reputation and get into organized crime• 6 Companies in on some of the crimes too but blame it all on the Tongs o 6 Companies bring in the opium and Tongs buy it from them to distribute Control the city Still exist today along with 6 CompaniesCoolies  “hard laborers” Work like slaves  Take what they can get Work for basically nothingo Don’t get jobs unless they offer to work for half of what everyone else willGold Miners Work as day laborers for the miners Will find gold but won’t turn it ino Miners find out about this and brutally strip search them Don’t stay in mining long because of the abuseForeign Miners Tax, 1852 Takes $3 out of every $6 a month they make Put in place 4 years after Chinese get there Also force Chinese out of mining“Feminine Jobs” Take domestic jobs because they just want work Adds to the stereotype of them being feminine  Other immigrant men won’t take the job because its girly but the Chinese don’t careTranscontinental Railroad Chinese build the west side of ito Connects to what the Irish built in the eastLighters Know how to use dynamite because of their knowledge of fireworks from Canton province Get the name lighters because they lay the dynamite then light it Blow through mountains so the railroad can go through it instead of around it Get paid a lot because its dangerous and the job is necessaryo Paid in advance so that if they die on the job their company still gets the money Many dieMigrant Farm Work Like Mexican migrant workers Take a farming job for weeks at a time then move on to the next jobo Go where they’re needed when they’re neededo Work when they need to then go home when they canScientific Racismo Hierarchy system is scientifically proveno Darwin’s Origin of the Species  Take his theory and apply it humans, specifically Chinese  Measured skulls • Chinese were in the middle compared to other groups  Way to say without a doubt the Chinese were inferior Shorter in stature• 4’8-5’Queue


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