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FSU AMH 2097 - Final Exam Study Guide

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Italians

Italians

23 pages

Midterm 1

Midterm 1

14 pages

Test 3

Test 3

23 pages

Exam 3

Exam 3

10 pages

Key Terms

Key Terms

11 pages

Test 2

Test 2

11 pages

Exam #2

Exam #2

10 pages

EXAM 2

EXAM 2

7 pages

Exam 2

Exam 2

10 pages

Exam 1

Exam 1

14 pages

Exam 1

Exam 1

14 pages

Notes

Notes

21 pages

Test 3

Test 3

20 pages

Chinese

Chinese

12 pages

Chinese

Chinese

10 pages

EXAM 3

EXAM 3

10 pages

Chinese

Chinese

62 pages

Notes

Notes

8 pages

Exam #3

Exam #3

10 pages

Africans

Africans

48 pages

Mexicans

Mexicans

12 pages

Notes

Notes

5 pages

Notes

Notes

4 pages

Exam 1

Exam 1

7 pages

Test 1

Test 1

12 pages

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Final Exam Study GuideThe key to this exam is to comprehend these groups by using/studying your notes!!!**Below is the most important part of the study guide**** = Almost definitely a test question (Things Ms. Thompson has told us) - Mexicanso Push factors: In 1850s, Mexicans did not come to America For those who immigrate after 1880:• 1. Leave Mexico because of conditions• 2. Came to US for economic opportunitieso Stereotypes: Race:• Brown-skin pigment = not white• “Mexican Race” constructed as lazy and backwards• Southeast blacks = Southwest Mexicans • “Brown Scare” Inferiority:• Lazyo Siesta Unintelligent Crime-Oriented The “Illegal” Mexicano Discrimination Land:• Whites pushed Mexicans off land• In 1850, 1/3 farm owners and 1/3 skilled workers• In 1900, 2/3 are unskilled labor Wages• So low that whites did not want them• Excluded from white labor unions• Maquiladoras Housing:• Whites barred Mexicans from renting or owning homes in white neighborhoods• Barrios• Formation of gangso Assimilation Resistance:• Chicano political movemento 1960so Movement that fought for political representation and less discrimination against Mexicans Assimilation:• Bilingualism• Move/settle throughout Midwest, South, and Northeast US• Slowly but surely climbing in social status• Higher education- Cubanso Push factors: Cuban Revolutiono Stereotypes: Positive:• Anti-Communist• “Model Latino Group”• Affluence• Political conservative Culture:• Catholic• Santeria (Afro-Cuban religion)• Family• Food Negative:• Drug cartels• Violent• Brown Raceo Discrimination Separateness• Elites excluded from white social clubs and groups Jobs• 48% professionals dropped to 13%• Unskilled from 16% to 32% Language• Names, accents = viewed as Mexicans o Acculturation: Enclave: Little Havana, Miami Keep language, culture, and traditions Community solidarity Family and kinship networks- Puerto Ricanso Push Factors: US annexationo Stereotypes: Take on stereotypes of Mexicanso Discrimination Came over poor from bootstrap and live in segregated neighborhoods, results in:• Crime• Gangs• Drugs• Teen pregnancy• 65% high school graduation rateo Assimilation Early education• English • Ideals of American democracy Migration:• NE cities to South FL Double identity- New Africanso Push Factors: Economic opportunities Higher education Refugeeo These are the only people of African descent living in the US that were NOT a part of the slave tradeo Highest population from: Nigeria Somalia Egypt Ghana- Jamaicanso Learn English quicklyo Employment percent is higher than national averageo Largest group of Afro-Caribbeano Owned by British until 1962o Speak Englisho Largest settlements: NYC South Floridao Culture: Reggae Cuisine• Haitianso Learn English quicklyo Employment percent is higher than national averageo Owned by Franceo Speak Frencho Haitian Revolution 1794o Duvalier dictatorship Late 1970s – 1980so Largest settlements: Little Haiti (Miami) South Floridao Culture: Voodoo- Asians (Far East)o Asian and Asian-Americanso Because Chinese are largest and first, they set the stereotypeso Population:  Filipino – 3.7 million Korean – 1.7 million Vietnamese – 1.7 million Japanese – 1.3 million Asian total = 17.3 million or 5.6% of US populationo Demographics: Major population centers:• CA, NY, DC, TX Religious diversity 50% have a 4-year college  Income higher the than the national average **Fastest growing population group**- Indianso Come from India = NOT Native Americans Official census term is “Asian Indian” Not Middle-Eastern 3.2 million Settle in major cities• NYC, LA, DCo Highly educated **70% have a Bachelor’s degree** 40% have a MA, PhD, or professionals degreeo Brain Draino **Highest income of all other Asian groups**o Religion: Hinduism is the majority but also Christians, Buddhists, and Islamic Islam religion is where confusion occurso Culture: Food Bollywood• Confused as Middle-Easterners - Arabs (Middle East)o NOT Muslimso Religion: Only 25% of Arab Americans practice Islam **50% practice Christianity**o Migrate to the US Education Religious Freedom Refugeeso Majority come from: **Lebanon (largest)** Syria Iran (Persians) Palestine Iraqo 1.7 milliono Metro areas: Detroit NYC LA DCo Higher education and income 45% have Bachelor’s degree Higher income than national averageo Stereotypes Racial profiling• After 9/11 this group faces the most discrimination Gender Equality• Women thought to be inferior Islamic Religion- Immigration Laws & Naturalizationo Immigration Restriction Act of 1921 Bolshevik Revolution Maximum of 357,000 people per yearo Immigration Act of 1924 “The National Origins Quotas” Only 2% of that nations population already living in the US can come per year• **Based on 1890 census**  Overall cap of 150,000 per yearo From 1921 – 1965, the “National Origins Quota” was policy Remember:• Chinese still excluded• Mexicans did not count (with exceptions of 1930s because of Zig-Zag theory)• Groups not herein 1890 will NOT get ino Exemptions from 1924-1965 Professionals College students Ministers Wealthy businessmen Refugees• Chinese• Jews• Cubano Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1965 (Hart-Cellar Act) Ended the 1924 “National Origins Quotas” 2% of the country of origins current population is allowed per year 170,000 overall cap per yearo Preference is given to immigrants’ skill and familial relationships to US citizenso Allowed new immigrants to come from: Latin America Caribbean Africa Asia India Middle Easto “Third Wave” of immigration: 1965-Today  After 9/11 – the INS changes to US citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) Under US department of Homeland Security USCIS handles all forms and processing of materials related to immigration and naturalizationo Common Examples: F-1• Student Visa• Temporary resident I-485• Green card• Permanent resident K-3• Spouse VISA I-140• Petition for an alien relativeo Naturalization: Process of becoming a citizen Application is N-400 Eligibility to apply for


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