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FSU AMH 2097 - Post Exclusion Act Immigration

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Final Exam Notes 3/4/14 12:46 PM Post Exclusion Act Immigration • Chinese confused now because they can’t go back and forth between China and US to help family • Start moving from Californing/China Town to New York and Chicago in favor of jobs o most of those jobs pay more than the ones in California • 1906 Earthquake o Major fire burns down nearly all municipal buildings in San Fransisco o Causes destruction of birth cirtificates ! now people can’t claim they were us born citizens o Paper Sons ! Falsifying paper to make people citizens by saying they were born here ! Thousands of young Chinese men and women coming over claiming they were US born citizens • Angel Island, 1910-1940 o Processing center for anyone coming into the West Coast o Check thru center to make sure you come legally Naturalization Act of 1943 • Not passed again after 1943 because Chinese helped us in WW2 • Ending naturalization act of 1870 and the Chinese Exclusion act • Allows 105 immigrants from China every year Change in immigration after 1943 • China goes to Communism (1949) • Primarily women • Refugee status o group of people trying to escape a certain aspect of their country that is horrible o grants group to immigrant in as many as they want, regardless of immigration law Chinese Americans • 1980s- Model Minority • Sandra Oh- Dr. Christina Yang on Greys Anatomy, Mathletes • 3.3 million- 1% of total US population• Immigration from Germany • Germany does not unify until xyz • Largest immigration to the United States • Coming in sense the beginning • No such thing as German or Germany o Unification began in 1871 o Separate countries rules by different royal families • First to come were mislabeled as “Pennsylvania Dutch” o Mishear Doich for Dutch o Brought hamburgers, hot dogs, applie pie, santa o • Stereotype of hardworking and skilled First Wave nineteenth Century immigration • Largest group- 6 million from 1820-1914 • Diverse group o Jewish, Lutheran (protestant), and Catholic o What made them leave? • Politics- Revolutions of 1848, conscription law • Economics: industrial revolution, potato blight, taxes • Religious reasons • They came for Land • 2/3 of the Germans coming over did have money • Gottfried Duden o Convinced people to come over with his Pamphlet ! Nearly every immigrant had read it and used it for the reason to immigrate • People sold land for free to get people to move outward and expand o Allowed for railroad expansion • Germans are chosen first for jobs over any other immigrant • Location • Settled based on Religion/Class • Mid west was rich• Upper-Middle Class o Mid-west- ethnic enclaves o German Triangle- Cincinnati, Milwaukee, St. Louis o Largest ethnic enclave in the US • Lower Class o Lower East Side, NYC ! Largest ethnic enclave in NYC o Boston • • What they are going to do- • Upper-Middle o Farming o Beer and Piano o • Lower Class o Factories ! Working with African Americans, start to assimilate o Social Clubs o Hnag with people from their own town to try to think about unnasimilatable topics Both set up • Parachial Schools o Set by churches • Newspapers o Hundred, set up like Social clubs in that they were for particular audiances World War 1 • Now Germany is united • WWI began in 1914, Germans V. British o US didn’t get involved for a while • Propoganda- Yellow Journalism US Reaction • “Pumped up Patriotism” • Violence against German-Americans German-American Response• Hyper-assimilation • John Schmidt to John Smith • World War II • Hitler/Nazi Germany o He was the answer for recooperation after WWI o “Just following orders” • Began in 1939 with the British and Germany • 1940- Alien Registration Act o register immigrants who come over, get an “Alien Enemy Card” o Who you are, your friends, what you do, your job, where you live o Internment- 11,000 Germans to be “up to no good” (1941-45) German Americans Today • 58 million today (17%) • Assimilation or acculturation • Ethnic enclaves •3/4/14 12:46 PM Final Begins with Paper Sons No such thing as a “German”The Jews (German) 3/4/14 12:46 PM What makes Jews Unique? • Jews came from nearly all corners of the world • They are the only group we choose an ethnicity of Homeland to international People- Nationality to Ethnicity • Jeruselem (Israel) • Rome • Destruction of the Temple • Jewish Diaspora—70 A.D. • Politically under a super power always, minority under majority • During this time the Roman Empire was under control of them o They were good to them as long as they paid taxes • Starting in 70 AD they go to war, Roman crushes Jews o Temple is destroyed o Banish them (Called Jewish Diaspora) • They scatter all across the world • Dominant group in all of Europe is Christian Problems with Jews/stereotypes • Anti-semitism- Christians hate Jews (anti-jews from all people) • Killers of Christ o Smite o Gospel ! Four books written in New Testament by Jesus’s followers ! Stories of Jesus’s life ! Romans considered Jesus to be a terrorist • Christians over time will feel bad for having Jews live with them o “God smiting the Christians” for them not killing the Jews o They blamed God punishments for: the black plague, jews being successful for banking, great depression (Jewish bankers bankrupted America purposely) • Jewish Text- Torah and the Talmud o Torah is the beginning part of the Old Testament, Jewish History o Talmud interprets the Torah ! Has a thousand rules about anything • Eating habitso Kosher- You can only eat particular animals, killed certain ways, cut certain ways, grilled certain ways, ect. o Whole process has to be overseen and blessed by Rabi o Two different kitchens • Sabbath Day- Sun Down on Friday until Saturday. 5pm in New York • Economics, banking/finance, “taking over the world”, usury o No more loans- profit off someone’s suffering Jewish Immigration to the United States • German Jews- Frist Wave o All the same class, high class o Families o About 300,000 o Settled in Cities and created good banks, financiers o Settled in the Midwest ! Became peddlers ! Levi Strauss, Sears Roebuck, Macys ! • Jews antempt to assimilate by modernizing their religion o Less


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