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FSU AMH 2097 - Study Guide for Final Exam

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Study Guide for Final ExamAMH 2097 – 09 RobbinsBasic Information:The material covered for the exam will be all lectures through Thursday, December 6th (Laws since 1990). The groups/ideas included for this exam are Chinese, Northern Italians, Southern Italians, Mexicans and Cubans, Pennsylvania Dutch, 19th and 20th century Germans. Also included are the Immigration Restrictions/Laws and information on immigration today. Films and Other Media:The films you will be responsible for are: Godfather I and II, A Better Life and Scarface (1983). You will also be responsible for the film/clips seen in class and also the clips and political cartoons posted on Blackboard for the Chinese and Mexicans.Patriarchy: Asocial system in which the male is the primary authority figure central to social organization, and where fathers hold authority over women, children, and property. The only similarity is taking the fathers last name.Clans: People who are either linked by blood or marriage- America: Has nuclear family (mom dad kids)- Rest of World: Extended family lives together in compounds (own little gated community)Eldest Male: The leader of the clan (grandfather, not necessarily his son, just the oldest person)- Eldest male will tell you who to marry, what job you will do, and if you will immigrate to America- No one goes against the eldest males orders - Cannot say “no” to himSurname: The Chinese introduce themselves with their last name first then first name (Hi, I am Thompson Katie)- I am a representation of my family- Individualism is wrong in china- Always follow what the eldest man tells you*Who you marry, what your job is, immigrate to US or not*Can not say “no” to him“ Guadong” or Canton Province: Chinese people only came from ONE province called Guadong and the people there were different from all other Chinese.- The Guadong grow no food, but import all of their food- They have a trading economy are wealthy merchants, and are very cosmopolitan- The biggest crops that make money at this time are - Rice- Tea- Opium - Most immigrants came from just one city in that one provinceToishan/Taishan: It was a boating/shipping nation; they were all import, export merchant people- They were also firework makers, producers and sellers- Most of the people came just from ToishanWhy did the Chinese leave China?1) Government: The emperor is fearful of loosing his power; he is in the North while Canton is far away in south. He decides he is going to reconquer is people. The government is not getting as much money as it should because the eldest male are getting this money and running the show. - The emperor uses the army to reconquer all these people; he has to raise taxes so that the army can become stronger, so that the army can take their own families over from their contribution of money. - People refuse to pay taxes. 2) Overpopulation: The emperor saves the food for the army so places like Guadong who do not grow their own food starve. - After Gov. messed up Canton there was a lack of jobs, food, etc.3) Imperialism: When a bad guy comes into a country and takes it over- European nations want to take over parts of china for OPIUM, TEA, AND SILK. They don’t want to pay the price the Chinese were selling it atOpium wars- Happens most in Canton providence because they specialize in trade- Imperialism takes over all for themselves and takes land and property- When British and other euros came in not only with weapons but also with their culture (Western Civilization)Did better in US than in China- Asking youth why they are giving all attention to elders- Assimilation of the natives of the country- Europeans told Chinese that if you left China to go to America and live in China in anEthnic Enclave you would be more Chinese than the China you left.4) Weather: - 2 Tsunamis that both hit Guadong- Also send series of droughts and floods, in the areas of China where rice is grown*Lost main source of staple food- Guadong gets messed up because nobody will ship their extra rice that nobody has to Guadong 5) War and Rebellion- Clan leaders vs. Government- Chinese goes to war twice against:*Russia *Japan- People are scared their sons will get drafted- The wars and rebellion that happened in this 19th century actually helped out with jobs, war jobs- People do not want to come to America because we are not nice to people who are different saw this from political cartoons. We don’t like people who are different. - China is very far form America, only two places to stop Hawaii and Guam, it was a 5 month trip, manywould choice to come elsewhereWhy did the Chinese come to the United States?1) Gold- Gum Saan: Called the US this, meaning “gold mountain”/ The Guadong people hear about gold rush from traders that came in to trade with them. They actually believed there were mountains of gold. Wetold them there this and they believed it. We wanted them to come over to work in the West.2) WorkComing to America - Steamers - Large expensive cargo ships and the Chinese sat in the steerage class- Return Migration - They planned on all of their people to come back, work make money and bring itback to China, make a comeback- Clan saves money up to send over a young male, they knew to send a youngperson because they knew America likes youth, and they would fit in best toAmerican culture.- Make money in America in order to go back to China and make a comeback.- Chinese are supposed to leave as single man work for 5 years, and save up this money, and is then supposed to bring back his own money and hand it to head of clan, he then will receive a wife he didn’t choose, his goal now is to have as much sex as possible to have a child and then to go back to America. You do this for 30 years. * The Chinese reason for this is to keep reminding him he is not an immigrant he is Chinese. Also so they do not assimilate in AmericaSojourner – People who are in constant motion, who are never apart of one nation, constantly goingback and fourth from America to China, with out really a nationTypical Chinese ImmigrantBachelor Society: No family, looks like a complete male immigration, 98% male immigration. Males are the best candidates for Chinese. These men are not getting married here. - - WASPS fear Chinese men will come after pretty white women. Chinese continue Clan in Bachelors society by uniting under the Six Companies, business.Money: They are not sick or poor looking, they look descent but that


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