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Unique The first immigration law ever passed was against them Only group to have AMH2097 Fall 2012 Dr Pamela Robbins Final Exam Study Guide Topics in Bold are Key Terms from Dr Robbins Study Guide Section 1 The Chinese a direct immigration law passed on them o Migrate First Wave o Life in 19th Century China o Advanced Nation technologically and socially I billion people no over population o The Chinese Family Topic Nation Old Nation over 1 00 Years China Old Better Wiser Beautiful Youth Reckless Extended Family Closer to the Divine Age Family Religio n USA New Nation 70yrs Youth Beautiful Key to Future Strength Nuclear Family KEY o Extended Family o Patriarchy head by the eldest male Decides all Jobs Marriage Immigration o Live in Compounds area in which all relatives lived o Clan Group of people related to each other by blood marriage o Sur Name Last Name is what matters Ex Robbins Pamela not Pamela Robbins o Individualism Does not exist Part of a whole o Division With in China o Language Culturally Food Religion o Landmarks nature o Immigrants to the US From the Guadong Canton Providence Capital Non farming on the coast Trade Cosmopolitan European Pacific U S Cali Majority from Toishan Harbor Point Industrialized Fireworks o Why did the Chinese Leave China 1 Government Local leaders clan leaders Emperor realizes he doesn t have power Local Leaders are getting money from Opium o Emperor gets mad and sends Army to take over Canton people stop paying taxes o Pisses Emperor Off higher taxes 2 Overpopulation Not paying taxes government stops supplying Canton doesn t make food farm they trade No jobs Imperialism Outside nation takeover Trade Silk Tea Opium Rice English French Germans Invade 3 o Hong Kong British Control o Trade Warehouses Ships Poverty British bring their people No Jobs for Chinese European Ideas Values o Individualism Power of Youth Traditional Culture is kept in the US then Toishan 4 Tsunami 2 Tsunamis Mass destruction of property China Flood Drought Season o No Trade No Food Overpopulation 5 War and Rebellion Japanese Russians Opium Wars o Why did the Chinese come to the US 1 Gold Gum Saan Gold Mountain o Promoted by the US workers needed 2 Work 3 Reasons NOT to come Far 3 to 4 month Journey Known for Discrimination o Coming to America o Return Migration By Clan Man Age Young because he was coming to America Will only stay for a short period Goal Return with MONEY Plan 5 yrs return meet wife have a bay 5 yrs Back to china with have another bay and continue the process until it has been 30 yrs o Sojourner Never in one place moving Not going to assimilate o o Typical Chinese Immigrant o Male Young without family Bachelor Society Women do not migrate WASPs do not know they have wives etc Fear of raping white women o Four Factors of Success o Money To come over but do not have here Make money to support their clan Idea that they are famished or liv in poverty do not look nice and do not have a respectable appearance o Numbers 300 000 by 1882 1 10 of California Population o Location Ethnic Enclave Chinatown San Francisco CA Ghettoh Away from WASPs All types of people out number WASPs o Stereotypes Later On o Family in US o Six Companies Kongsi Import Export Group of Clans join together to become one Arrive in U S and pledge allegiance Company Jobs Living friends return Communication with China Companies do not like each other Control laws cops jury EVERYTHING WASPs no nothing Chinatown o Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Society Outside of San Francisco o Tongs People who aren t part of a company Friends individuals together Represent Gangs Crime six companies o Work o Coolies Hard Labor Work for little or no money slave like Cause unemployment for others o Golf Miners Don t have money for land Hired laborer for Gold Mine Foreign Miners Tax 1852 4yrs later Tax 3 out of 6 Strip Mine Search to make sure no Gold is stolen violated o Work Cont o Domestics Feminine Jobs leads to stereotype Will do whatever job o Fishermen Others didn t know how to fish o Transcontinental Railroad Toishan Fireworks Chinese Lighters Blow Mountains o Migrant Farm Work Takes Jobs day day week week Never in one place impossible to assimilate Don t have to quit can just go back home o Women 2 of population Prostitution Aren t going back to China o Stereotypes Four Factors of Success inferior to white race o Scientific Racism Race hierarchy can be proven Measured skulls o Dress Male 4 8 5 0 American Male 5 7 Wearing dress silk stockings slippers Face Unaligned no facial hair Hat with long hair coming out Queue o Un assimilate able Perpetual foreigner Different Race o Yellow Peril DANGER Sent to take over Only males Taking jobs Up to something 6 Companies Language Ethnic Enclave o Culture Religion Buddhism No Church Holy Place Buddahsanc After life Jesus God Buddha Criminals Corrupt Six Companies Language Opium Dens Unsanitary Dirty Sickly Side walk bridge over river of poop Prostitution airbone Yellow sick pale color o Anti Chinese Crusade Anti Christian Crusade In California o People vs Hall 1854 Chinese can t testify against whites A race that nature has marked as inferior o Naturalization Act of 1870 Eventually adopted by U S Only white black people can be citizens Can t vote counter Irish voting blocks Sig Didn t really care because of Return Migration o Page Act of 1875 undesirable and prostitutes not allowed o Federal Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 Not allowed to immigrate or come for 10 yrs Continued to pass every 10 yrs until 1942 Not publicized o REACTION Chae Chang Ping vs U S 1889 Chinese Exclusion Act is Legal Federal Government immigration and naturalization o Post Exclusion Act Immigration o Start of illegal Immigration o Raft mickey mouse boat arrive on coast o US Borders Mexico Canada citizen immigrate o 1906 Earthquake Burns most of California City Hall Birth Certificates Records o Young Chinese men immigrate No one knows all records lost Naturalization born in the US Forge papers Paper Sons sons by paper not really related or citizens Replace Chinese who are here o Angel Island 1910 1940 W Coast Processing Center o Women Begin to Arrive Men are lonely Make money in Domestics o Chinese and Chinese Americans in Media o Political Cartoons Features ponytails long eyes short slippers Lee Tung Foo resemble Patty he mischief Maker and Sambo o Theater Vaudeville o Film Introduction Lee Tung Foo Anna May Wong Played lotus flower prostitute mistress Toll of the Sea 1922 first interracial kiss


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FSU AMH 2097 - Final Exam Study Guide

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