New version page

FSU SOP 3004 - SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE

Documents in this Course
CHAPTER 1

CHAPTER 1

13 pages

Chapter 4

Chapter 4

14 pages

Notes

Notes

52 pages

Chapter 1

Chapter 1

10 pages

Chapter 7

Chapter 7

10 pages

Notes

Notes

9 pages

Load more
Upgrade to remove ads

This preview shows page 1-2-3-4 out of 12 pages.

Save
View Full Document
Premium Document
Do you want full access? Go Premium and unlock all 12 pages.
Access to all documents
Download any document
Ad free experience
Premium Document
Do you want full access? Go Premium and unlock all 12 pages.
Access to all documents
Download any document
Ad free experience
Premium Document
Do you want full access? Go Premium and unlock all 12 pages.
Access to all documents
Download any document
Ad free experience
Premium Document
Do you want full access? Go Premium and unlock all 12 pages.
Access to all documents
Download any document
Ad free experience

Upgrade to remove ads
Unformatted text preview:

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE ⇒ Define the need to belong • We want to form relationships with others ⇒ Know why we like someone • Proximity • Physical attractiveness • Similarity vs. complementarity ∗ “birds of a feather flock together” vs. “opposites attract” • Liking those who like us ∗ Hard to get? Oh no, doesn’t work ∗ Just telling someone they’re cool might cause them to actually give you a chance ∗ Then again, you don’t want to be the player! You want to be moderately selective − Don’t be non-selective: no taste or no standards − But don’t be too selective: too arrogant (no one’s good enough) a) Because were turned off by those who reject us ⇒ Define the mere exposure effect • Familiarity breeds liking ∗ If you see someone more often, your grow to like them • Happens in many kinds of situations • Happens without us being aware of it • Influences our own perceptions • Limitations ∗ If you don’t like it at first…you’re not gonna like it any better after ∗ Overexposure = you see it so often you get sick of it ⇒ Understand why proximity is important to attraction • Geographically nearness = the closest you are (physically), the more I like you • Friends we make are influenced by where we live, work, sit in class, etc ∗ If you live somewhere where everyone is super friendly (ex the south), you’re influenced to be super friendly, and to like super friendly people • Functional distance also matters! • It allows us to anticipate interaction ∗ Adaptive behavior • Mere exposure (see next objective) ⇒ Explain the matching phenomenon • We tend to choose friends/partners who are matching in attractiveness and other traits to your own • Doesn’t always necessarily work that way ∗ If you have other assets, it can compensate for lack of attractiveness − Donald Trump is….to say the least, ugly. But he’s had a bunch of beautiful wives (which contradicts the matching phenomenon). He’s not attractive, but he has money, power, social status… ⇒ Explain the “what is beautiful is good” hypothesis and its ramifications • What is beautiful is good = people assume that physically attractive people are superior to others on many other traits (happiness, sexual warmth, popularity, intelligence, success, etc) ⇒ Explain cultural differences and similarities in attractiveness• Standards of beauty vary across culture • But some things are valued in all cultures ∗ In women: − Waist-hip ratio − Youthful features − Suggestions of health ⇒ Know which types of faces are judged to be most attractive • Symmetrical • An average of all the faces ⇒ Know what psychologists mean when they say “bad is stronger than good” and how it relates to relationships • Criticism carries more weight than praise. Basically, cruel words stay longer than kind ones • Bad reputation is easier to get, but it’s harder to grow out of. ⇒ Define passionate love • Relationships based on only this last about 6mos-1yr • State of intense longing for union with one another ∗ “you’re the one thing I think about from when I wake up until I go to sleep” kind of love • Reciprocation = fulfillment and joy • Refusal = emptiness & despair • Cool-down of passionate love may cause disillusion, especially if you see it as necessary ⇒ Know the gender differences related to love • Men ∗ Fall in love easily, fall out of love more slowly ∗ Think about playful and physical aspects • Women ∗ Think more about intimacy and friendship in the relationship ⇒ Define compassionate love • Keeps the relationship together • Affection we feel for those with whom our lives are deeply intertwined ∗ Best friends, family, etc • May be adaptive ⇒ Explain how equity is important to relationships • What you get out of a relationship needs to feel equal to what you put into it • Differs between strangers and relationships ∗ Strangers: exchange benefits (balanced) ∗ Close friends & people we love: keep equity more loosely (doesn’t really matter to us whether it’s balanced or not because we love them) ⇒ From the book (Attraction) • Is bad stronger than good? ∗ Study in MIT dorms − Signed everyone up using a questionnaire at the beginning of the year, then got tracked throughout the year. − Researchers made up theories about who would become friends with who (hobbies, majors, similar attitudes, etc)− Results: strongest predictor of friendship = propinquity (proximity). ∗ Follow-up experiment later − Results = propinquity can also lead to conflict and friction − Also (consistent with “bad is stronger than good”), the enemy-making effect was bigger than friend-making effect. a) As the distance between two homes goes down, the probability of friendship goes up, but the probability of becoming enemies goes up even more ∗ Take-home message = regular contact with people amplifies/multiplies the power of other factors − If you’re inclined to like someone, seeing them more often will increase the liking − If you’re inclined to dislike someone, seeing them will create a stronger mutual dislike • The social side of sex ∗ What’s beautiful? − Female beauty is linked with being young and healthy (indicating the potential of being a good mate and partner) a) There’s no known culture that regards a gray-haired, wrinkly woman as beautiful! b) Clear complexion is almost-always seen as beautiful (sign of health) − Symmetry a) Sign of being healthy and having good genes b) People with faces & bodies that are exactly the same on both sides are regarded as more beautiful that people whose faces and bodies are unequal c) Study: 1. Series of body parts were measured in a group of young men to see the degree of symmetry 2. These young men were then asked to sleep in a t-shirt one night when they didn’t use cologne or deodorant. Then bring the t-shirt back to the lab and leave it there. 3. Young women were then brought into the lab to smell the t-shirts and to rate them on how good they smelled. They were also asked when they had their last period. 4. Results = the most symmetrical men’s t-shirts were rated as smelling the best, and this effect was the strongest with the women that were at their most fertile point in their menstrual cycle


View Full Document
Download SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?