UT PSY 301 - Chapter 10 Motivation (76 pages)

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Chapter 10 Motivation



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Chapter 10 Motivation

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
76
Type:
Miscellaneous
School:
University of Texas at Austin
Course:
Psy 301 - Introduction to Psychology
Edition:
1
Documents in this Packet

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Myers EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY 7th Ed Chapter 10 Motivation James A McCubbin PhD Aneeq Ahmad Ph D Clemson University Modified by Ray Hawkins Ph D Worth Publishers Motivation Motivational Concepts Instincts and Evolutionary Psychology Drives and Incentives Optimum Arousal A Hierarchy of Motives Motivation Hunger The Physiology of Hunger The Psychology of Hunger Obesity and Weight Control Motivation Sexual Motivation The Physiology of Sex The Psychology of Sex Adolescent Sexuality Sexual Orientation Sex and Human Values Motivation The Need to Belong Achievement Motivation Identifying Achievement Motivation Sources of Achievement Motivation Motivation Motivation is a need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it towards a goal AP Photo Rocky Mountain News Judy Walgren Aron Ralston was motivated to cut his arm in order to free himself from a rock that pinned him down Aron Ralston Perspectives on Motivation Four perspectives used to explain motivation include the following 1 Instinct Theory replaced by the evolutionary perspective 2 Drive Reduction Theory 3 Arousal Theory 4 Hierarchy of Motives Film Instincts Evolutionary Psychology Instincts are complex behaviors that have fixed patterns throughout different species and are not learned Tinbergen 1951 Tony Brandenburg Bruce Coleman Inc Ariel Skelley Masterfile Where the woman builds different kinds of houses the bird builds only one kind of nest 12 03 Imprinting Tinbergen 1951 Drives and Incentives When the instinct theory of motivation failed it was replaced by the drive reduction theory A physiological need creates an aroused tension state a drive that motivates an organism to satisfy the need Incentive Where our needs push incentives positive or negative stimuli pull us in reducing our drives A food deprived person who smells baking bread incentive feels a strong hunger drive Film Optimum Arousal Human motivation aims to seek optimum levels of arousal not to eliminate it Young monkeys and children are known to



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