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FSU CLT 3378 - Exam 2 Review Sheet

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Exam 1

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Exam 2

Exam 2

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Exam 2 Review SheetTitles and CulturesAtrahasis: BabylonianEpic of Gilgamesh(including the story ofUtnapishtim): BabylonianGenesis: Israelite/HebrewAnansiMyths: Akan/AshantiTheTheogony, Hesiod: GreekThe Works and Days, Hesiod: GreekPrometheus Bound, Aeschylus: GreekRaven Myths: TlingitCoyote Myths: KlamathGreek Heroes, Heroines, and Nymphs: GreekNixies, Kelpies, Mermaids:ScandinavianGermanWelshScottishAT FOLKTALE TYPE 720: Grimms’ Fairy Tales: German (Juniper Tree) Mother cooks boy Father eats him Sister buries bones next to tree Bird flies out and starts to sing Gathers gifts Gives gifts to family Kills mother Turns back into a boy “The Crow’s Nest”: Hungarian Mother kills boy and makes stew Father eats it Puts bones in a hollow tree Boy turns into a crow and sings Gathers gifts Gives gifts to family and kills mother “The Rose Tree”: English Mother kills daughter and makes stew Father eats it  Brothers buries body in a box next to rose tree White bird sings and gathers gifts Gifts to family; Drops millstone on mother and kills herFolktale Type 425“The Tale ofTulisa”: Indian Voice in well; invisible servants at wedding Turns out to be very attractive and wealthy Wont reveal his name when he does he turns into a snake Tulisa saves squirrel; talks to themCupid and Psyche: Roman Physche only sees husband at night Sisters tell her he is a snake Physche finds out what he really looks like while trying to kill him Sees Cupid Has to complete tasks to get husband back Cupid saves herReview Terms-floodhero- survivor of floodAtrahasis- flood hero, Ea helps him. King of Shuruppak, builds boat to surviveIgigi- group of gods who have to do all the work. Elil leads them. Spit in mix for humansEllil- leader of gods; brings flood about to kill humans in both myths; furious when humans surviveEa- comes up with plan for humans to do labor in Atrahasis. Tells Atrahais and Utnapishtim how to survive flood. Gives them directions for a coracle boat and tells them behind Elil’s back, increases immortality when Ea becomes angryIlawela- killed in order to make humans from his body; Igigi spit in the mixtureNintu- molds humans; mother of all humansShuruppak- place where Atrahasis and Utnapishtum are king ofCoracle- Ea instructs Utnapishtim and Atrahasis to build this to survive floodUtnapishtim- king of Shurrupak, made immortal, Ea tells him how to survive; Ellil makes him immortalimhullu-wind- used to destroy world in Utnapishtim; Ishtar mournsMt.Nimush- Utnapishtim lands here and releases a dove and swallow which are unsuccessful; raven is successful; makes sacrifice and gods gatherNoah- only “blameless man”, given directions to build a boat by god. Yahweh- brings on flood in Genesis; picks Noah to survive; displeased with how humans are actingMt.Ar’arat- where Noah’s boat lands. He releases a raven which is unsuccessful and a dove which is successful. Makes sacrifice to YahwehTrickster- shape shifters, amoral, tricky, transform self and world around them, culture hero, liminal figuresliminalfigure- partakes in god, human, or animal categoryAkan- culture of people of which the Anansi story comes fromAnansi- man, spider. Aetieological stories of how things came to be. KwekuAnansi- Anansi’s human name means born on a wednesdayOnyame/Nyame- sky god. Anansi finds out secret name in order to marry his daughter; Nyame pays for stories but Anansi tricks himAnansesem- “stories” folktalesOkyeami- Anansi as symbol of linguistBaduasemanpensa- secret name in order to win Nyame’s daughter; Anansi reveals this name to the lizardOwoh- the snake, Anansi frames him for Yam theft; Anansi kills him; he turns over when he is killedPandora-(Theogony) created by Zeus as punishment for men; pretty outside andevil inside; made from clay, dressed by Athena (Works and Days) Zeus creates Pandora as punishment, Hephaestus molds earth, Athena gives clothes, Aphrodite teaches her how to be charming, Hermes gives trickiness and evil, she is given in Epimetheus, has a jar; ends Golden racePrometheus- (Theogony) tricks Zeus and splits up parts of ox so humans get to keep good parts; Zeus takes away fire. Prometheus steals fire; Zeus sends Pandora; binds Prometheus and eagle eats his liver, Herecles rescues PrometheusEpimetheus- name means misguided or afterthought, must marry PandoraZeus- tricked by Prometheus, punishes humans each time he is tricked, punishes Epimetheus and Prometheus, creates PandoraHephaistos- molds Pandora out of clayAthena- dresses and adorns PandoraWorks and Days- Hesiod’s other work which focuses on Pandora and the Golden AgeMyth of Races- gods made different generations of humans; how humans are created Aeschylus- author of Prometheus BoundPrometheus Bound- Prometheus is bound in chains, Zeus is portrayed as a tyrant, succession myth about Zeus being overthrownMoirai- goddesses who control destinies of humans and gods; more powerful than other gods1. Clotho-begins thread 2. Lachesis- controls how long life is 3. Aropos- controls deathIo- priestess of Hera; exiled by Hera because she does not want Zeus to have sex with her; Hera turns her into a cow and is guarded by Argos; gadfly (ghostsof Argos) haunt Io and bite her and chase her so that Zeus wont have sex with her; Prometheus reveals Zeus’ fate to IoRaven- tricksterTlingit- culture of the Raven story; Native American peopleNassRiver- evidence of the Tlingit people’s first settlementsKit-ka’ositiyi-qa- Raven is son of this man; creator of world. World lacks common goods and Raven distributes themPetrel- owns all water; Raven spends night with Petrel and when he goes to sleep Raven tricks him and carries water in his beakBear- one of the Tlingit’s food sources, explains how Raven killed himCoyote- trickster, steals fire for humas by cheating at diceKlamath- culture which Klamath comes fromThunder- tricked by Coyote; gets very angry and tries to kill Coyote but he takes off his skin, lightnight breaks into fire for everyoneHeroes/heroines- half god, half human; mortal; role model; main character; gods take an interest in, worshipped in hero cult{goes on a quest and leaves everyday world, overcomes challenge, gets reward,


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