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FSU CLT 3378 - EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE

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CLT3378- EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDEPandoraPandora  According to Hesiod Pandora means “all (pan) gifts (dora)”. Has a box, but we think it’s actually a jar, of evils. Works and Days  Written by Hesiod. It is didactic, or moral, and teaches you how to be a good person and how to live your life in a good way.Didactic  Also stands for moral. Teaches you something, like how to be a good person. Misogynistic  There was a misogynistic strain in Greek culture. This came from “hating women” – mis=hate Hephaistos/Hephaestus  blacksmith god that forms woman out of clay and water. In greek mythology Hephaistos is one of the 2 creator gods. Epimetheus  Prometheus’ brother. Accepts gifts from Zues although Promotheus’ warns him not to.Pyxis  “box” . That’ how we got Pandora’s Box although it should be jar.Pithos  “jar”. There was a mistranslation, Pandora’s Box should’ve been Pandora’s Jar. Jar filled with evils and hope.Hope  we wonder why hope is in the jar of evils. Hesiod doesn’t explain why it is there. When Pandora puts the lid of the jar back on, hope is trapped n the jar.kalon kakon  “beautiful evil” term used by Hesiod to describe women.Myth of the Races  shows the ages. Explains the devolution of people. Race of Heroes  Race of heroes is seen in myth of the races. There is no decline, it does not fit. PrometheusTitans  binatural gods. 12 children of Gaia and Ouranos.Iapetos  Iapetos is a titan. According to Hesiod, he is the father of Prometheus.Gaia  Earth goddess. Ouranos mate, produce titans.Ouranos  Sky god. Mates with Gaia to produce the titans. Atlas  Sky supporter. One of Prometheus’ brother. Punished by Zeus.Menoitios  another brother of Prometheus. We don’t know much about him. Thrown into Tartaros.Mecone  Place of Prometheus’ sacrifice trick. The men and gods divide up the ox to decide who gets what. Prometheus wraps bones in fat (apparently good) and wraps the meat in the ox stomach (apparently bad) so Zues ends up getting the bones.Sicyon  another word for Mecone. Prometheus’ sacrifice trick with the ox happens here.fennel stalk  a pith Prometheus uses to steal the fire. He then gives that stolen fire to men.Aeschylus  wrote Prometheus Bound. Shows Prometheus as a culture hero and Zeus as a tyrant.Prometheus Bound  over 200 years after Hesiod. In the same Greek culture as Hesiod.culture hero  a mythological hero specific to some group who changes the world through invention or discoveryEnki/Ea  spheres of influence – cleverness/wisdom, fresh water. Trickster god associated with human creation.Metis  an early mate of Zues. “cleverness” cf. ThetisThetis  sea nymph. Zeus marries Thetis to mortal bc of the prophecy that his son will be stronger than him. But if it’s a son of a mortal man he doesn’t care.Typhoios/Typhon  Fire breathing dragon. Thetis is compared to Typhoios.Metallurgy  tools. Men used fire to make tools.Prometheus Unbound  written by Aeschylus. Aeschylus considers Zeus has an insecure abusive tyrant.Kratos  “power”. Binatural god. Zeus’ henchman since he is a tyrant king.Bia  binatural god of “force”. Zeus’ henchmen since he is a tyrant king.Okeanids  “ids” mean daughters of. They are the daughters of Okeanos (oceans).Okeanos  god of the oceans. Father of Okeanids. Tries telling Prometheus that Zues isn’t bad, he’s the king, and he should listen to him. Io  Zeus transforms Io into a cow to stay hidden from Hera, Zeus’ wife. Hera finds out and sends a gadfly to sting the cow that is Io.Background Reading 7 (Prometheus Bound)Athens  Athens is a city-state also known as the Greek polis. Athens lost in a war with Sparta. Agonistic  Means “competitive”. The Ancient Greek culture as a whole was intensely agonistic.Tragedy  tragedy seems to have been largely an Athenian invention. Tragedy was a prominent aspect in Greek literature.satyr play  a Satyr play is a comic play involving satrys. The stories upon which the plays were based were almost always mythological. Trilogy  a set of 3 pieces of work that are connected. Aeschylus’ play Prometheus Bound was part of a trilogy of tragedies.Sophocles  Athenian tragedian. His plays have survived.Raven and CoyoteNative American  Raven and Coyote were Native American tricksters. The Native Americans are the first to have oral stories rather than literary stories.Raven  Trickster god. Raven creates the world and distributes the sun and moon to people.Tlingit  Pronounced “klinkit”. The Tlingit people lived in Alaska and NW Canada.Nass River  Origin of Tlingit. Thought that their people may have originaited around the Nass River.Kit-ka’ositiyi-qa  Father of Raven. Allows raven himself to create the world. Petrel  Spring. Controls all the water and all the fog in the world at this spring.Coyote  western trickster. Coyote is of the Klamath people. Plays dice with thunder and is cheating to win.Klamath  Fire. Thunder keeps fire in a big white rock.Thunder  has fire in a big white rock. Throws it at Coyote to kill him but it ended up being only Coyote’s skin.AnansiWest Africa  Anasia was a west African trickster. Most slaves sold in America came from West Africa; they brought with them stories about Anansi.Anansi  “spider”. Trickster god. Stores about Anansi came from the slaves of West Africia.Nyame  Also called onyame. Sky god. Some scholars thing that Nyame and Anansi were the same.Kweku/Kwaku Anansi  Anansi as a man. Day-name. Kweku means “born on Wednesday”. Mmoboro  hornets. Anansi pours water on the hornets nest and tells him it’s raining and they need to take shelter in a hollowed out gourd he’s holding. The go in the gourd and he has them captured.Onini  Python. Tricks python by measuring his length to a stick. Ties him up and has him captured.Osebo  leopard. Traps osebo in a hole, tells him he’d help him out but ties Osebos tail to a tree and kills him.Okyeami  linguist. Anansi, the spider, is a symbol of linguist.Baduasemanpensa  Nyame’s daughter. Anyone who finds out her secret name can marry her. Anansi finds out but the lizard says it and wins her hand in marriage.GilgameshUnug  Summerian city. Sumerians were the first human civilizations in Mesopotamia.Akkadian  Akkadians


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