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TAMU HIST 105 - Hist 105 29

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Hist 1054/12/19William Henry Seward; higher law than of the nation – the law of god; slavery is not only contradictory to the constitution but also to Gods laws. Division in the country about the question of slavery I the west; August of 1850 Henry Clay suffers a nervous breakdown – seemed as if the Compromise of 1850 is dead. Stephen Douglas – 3 groups in congress that deals with the question of slavery. Got all three groups to sign off on the Compromise even though they didn’t like parts of the compromise. Creation of an armistice postpone the Civil war, North grows tremendously in power. Abraham Lincoln; met Harriet Beacher Stoe, the author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin. As well as Sam Houston.Popularity in the north showed that the Compromise of 1850 didn’t resolve the rising tensions over slavery. Kansas Nebraska act started due to a railroad, economic benefits of holding a transcontinental railroad. New Orleans, New Memphis, Missouri – southern root to California, Chicago becomes the home of first transcontinental railroad. Stephen Douglas become a powerful figure and came from Chicago. Negotiating with senator from Missouri, Atchison – what does the south get; wants to repeal large part of Louisiana purchase that prohibited slavery. Drawn line throughout the Louisiana that prohibited slavery. The Railroad pushed through an area that is prohibited to slavery; but the south wants to open it up to slavery. Repeals the Missouri Compromise and brings it to popular sovereignty.Kansas Nebraska Act creates a fire storm; four major consequences. Bleeding Kansas; mini civil war that breaks out in Kansas, actual settlers decide if Kansas is open to slavery battle ground between Anti-slavery and pro slavery groups. Pottawatomie Creek Massacre May 1856 – John Brown abolitionist –believed that he had been called on by god to strike a mortal blow to slavery. Invaded a small rural area called Pottawatomie Creek housed by Southern settlers with some of his sons murdered 5 farmers. Immediately becomes a wanted man reappears and tries to spark a slave rebellion.Caning of Senator Charles Sumner; gave 2-day speech – crime against Kansas. Targeted senior Senator Andrew Butler from South Carolina. Preston Brooks bursts into Charles Sumner office with a cane and beats him senseless. Tried to expel Preston Brooks, but he resigns called for special election in South Carolina and he stands for reelection and is reelection and is viewed as a


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