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TAMU HIST 105 - Hist 105 15

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Hist 1052/25/19Ratification of Constitution; submitted by popular voting conventions in the 13 states, 9/13 would have to say yes. Those who said no didn’t have to vote on it and didn’t have to be binding to them. Rhode Island and North Carolina. Popular Sovereignty; rule by the people, power to the people – people must be directly involved in making and approving constitution. 2 groups; Federalists and Anti – Federalists, supporters of the constitution and those that actively opposed the constitution. Cities and Urban areas and in commercial and agricultural areas for Federalists. In the backcountry, outside of major urban areas, not heavily involved in plantation and agricultural areas Anti-Federalists.Federalists, the ends justify the means to getting the constitution. Blame the problems on the articles of confederation, control 90 % of the newspapers. Put very best spin on the constitution and misrepresent anti-federalists ideology. Define terms and pin a name on the opposition/ control the language – word federal meant, to be someone who supported federal ideas of government. Someone who favored national and state government, dividing power between two powers. A form of government that would subordinate state governments and that could act on individual actions. Choosing a name that they knew would be positively received even though that it misrepresented them. True federalists were opponents of the Constitution. Move as fast as possible, anti – federalists were suspicious of others, would take longer to get together. Federalists know how to play politics. Opposition to consider Constitution in Pennsylvania wait for new legislature, when enough people left, reconvened for constitution ratification. “Lets win lets do it fast, lets win before Virginia weighed in. New Hampshire is the last state to ratify constitution, constitution goes into effect, much more difficult for Virginia to reject =it. George Washington would not be able to be first president. Embrace idea of someone ruling, we the people adopted through the convention , the principle of popular sovereign property had trumped state government. James Maddison is the father on the united states constitution. Maddison’s contribution has as much to do with compound republic; do we stick with the articles of confederation and a truly federal form of government or do we digress and go with the constitution and a truly national government. Truly national government made people afraid, so two government would check states and national government. Constitution would fill in problems of the Articles of Confederation - Bill of Rights, Federalists worried about if they could win, address stinging thing of Constitution, how come there isn’t a bill of rights. Needprotection of individual rights. Madison was the one to do the approval of the Bill of Rights, protection offreedom of speech press, religion, keep and bear arms. Etc. Right to bear arms individual right. 2 years toget


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