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TAMU HIST 105 - Hist 105 26

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Hist 1054/1/19Task System allows for slaves to work on their tasks with some downtime.Cotton Belt; the Louisiana Territory – young farmers could come and realize their Republican vision with self-sustaining products. Three things come together to make cotton extremely profitable in the Cotton Belt. Invention of the Cotton Gin by Eli Washington in 1784 that makes picking cotton seeds out easier. The discovery of short staple cotton after only long staple cotton could only be harvested at the coast. British Demand bring a huge market for cotton due to their industrial revolution driven by their textile industry – Napoleon wars also begins; all this revives slavery with cotton being its keystone.New System for the slaves to work in – Task system becomes abandoned, more focus on maximizing profit and usage of slaves work as long and fast as possible. The “Whipping Machine” – Gang System, much more brutal, they were taken, and they were whipped and pick as much cotton as they can. 200 IB or you were whipped, picked over 200 you had to pick that much the next day. Slave Market; punishment of being sold to the Deep South. New Orleans become a hub of Slave trade. Slaves are going to be kept in pens and cleaned up for buyers, separation of families.The Great Awakening springs forth abolitionists – both sides use religion to support their claims of slavery. Southerners point to Wage Labor as the actual form of slavery and reject the republican ideal. Southerners hold down their idea of small government and states’ rights, they look to the federal government to hold onto their ideals. South provided 75% of the worlds cotton, 60% of exports was southern crops. 1828-1840 1.3 million bales of cotton have been produced on the eve of the civil war 4 million bales have been produced.Antebellum South; Planters – owned at least 20 slaves, 80 million only 46,000 were classified as planters.25% owned slaves and only 50% of that had 5 or less slaves. Planters held tremendous power in politics. African Americans are characterized by paternalism, described as childlike, restricting their freedom for the best of their interests. Prevention of the slaves to learn to read or write, usage of religion to reinforcetheir bondage. Slave codes restrict gun ownership, restrict gatherings, restrict sexual relations and freeing old slaves. Slaves were benefiting by having the whites help them in every aspect while they provide slave labor.“Poor White Trash” landless tenants, characterized as sick, drunk, and morally depraved, utilized by Republicans to scare northern white to vote for them. Seek to expand slavery into the north and that if this happens they will be delegated as poor white trash. White Yeoman farmers, small farms possibly owned slaves but worked alongside them. Grew corn and relied on livestock, registration of ear notches to claim ownership of their herd. These people are the ones that bear the brunt of the fighting despite not having any ties to slavery.Uncle Toms Cabin, appeal to morality, outrage southerners create rift between sides. Tom is main character good and bad masters, Christ like figure, attempts a loss of


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