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TAMU HIST 105 - Hist 105 9

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Hist 1052/6/2019Immigration population growth – Quakers, Germans, Scotts, Irish, Africans. The American population by 1775 half of the population is 16 years or younger. Secondary to natural population growth. Nutrition, less infant mortality and death during childbirth. Epidemics don’t ravish population. Expanding population into the West and giving land a new meaning – land was scares in England, aristocrats could own land, most people lived and worked on someone else’s land. Owning a piece of land original American dream patriarch of the family. Buying more and more English goods and products becoming consumers. Many Americans couldn’t afford goods, buying in credit. Urban areas are finding themselves increasingly in debt. Sensitive to parliament’s attempts to tax. 20 million dollars in debt Thomas Jefferson.Great Awakening: Gilbert Tennent, George Whitefield, Jonathan Edwards. Major rediscover of religion in America, Angelism. Itinerant Minister; Traveling ministers, call to serve to preach travel across the country side to gathering of believers. Religion more of the heart than the head, preach in highly emotional terms, storytelling, interpret dreams, each person individually responsible for their salvation. First step to leading people to rebel because religion was preached in a way to make people think for themselves and not for the gentlemen-governors.Defer, take their word for it, gentlemen were intitled to govern, tell people to do and everyone was expected to obey. Repudiation of deference leads up to revolution. Salutary Neglect for 150 years of English rule of America. Reason for colonies was to serve the interest of European nations. French and Indian War; war between France and England, changing permanently the relationship between England and America racked up debt, 1000s of troops stay in America, colonies weren’t generating money for England. England would exert direct controlling power over colonies. 1763-65 parliament set up 3 new laws, serve full economic interest. Proclamation 1763, can no longer move west into the heartland of America. Sugar/Revenue Act of 1764, impose duties/ taxes on various English goods that were being imported into America. Duty tax on goodsand services, duties are okay regulate trade and commerce legitimate, taxes are not okay revenue for parliament. Colonists were not represented in parliament so they have no say in government. Taxation without representation. English Navy enforcement of writs of assistance. Paper act, tax on anything that used paper. Must be paid in specie – gold and


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