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TAMU HIST 105 - Hist 105 12

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Hist 1052/13/19Regulator movement, North Carolina – rise in rebellion against the colonial government in North Carolina. Run by and for the rich and powerful, farmers, tenants, and labors have right to reform and change government. From John Locke to John Adams to ordinary peoples right to regulate. “Show yourselves to be freemen reputing deference.” Pontiac and Neolin Great Lake Native Americans rally indigenous people against British rule – been abused by Europeans and Anglo Americans, right time to drive the Europeans back into the sea. Call for Indian people to return to their native ways, end dependence on European technology and goods. Pontiacs Rebellion – passed Act of 1773Comparative advantages and disadvantages of Great Britain and America. GB; larger population; 11 million – 48,000 soldiers and higher 30,000 German mercenary. Strongest and largest navy 139 navel fleet. Opening into the industrial age increasing economy. America 2.5 million 95% population lives in the country side. Can never lure American into standard tactic war can’t catch Washington. People fight harder for home and family, British are fighting overseas long and away for home.Americans like the idea of protecting the nations using citizen soldiers. Professional soldiers oppress private citizens. Fight wars with volunteers. Wrongly based that citizen soldiers could fight it out. Military training and drinking ill trained. Have some equality of the British army. Short period service, when soldiers are only available for 3 months. Value their liberty and on discipline, soldiers only want to fight for one battle. Wouldn’t pursue enemy just plunder goods.Washington was generally left with soldiers who have been recruited from the lowest rung, to get a regular meal poorest and desperate men. Lexington and Concord, Bunker and Breeds Hill. Worst fight forBritish soldiers Guerrilla Warfare. Washington didn’t win the most but smart with tactics. Pragmatic approach, English get tired of chasing him, 1778-79 5th year English try a strategy of pacification. Divide and conquer, divisions between Americans, separate between masters and slaves. Offer freedom to slaves who would run away and join the British. Turn small backcountry farmers and slaves. Capture entire American arm South Carolina, battle of Camden. As pushed into interior of Carolinas but then withdraws to Yorktown, expecting British Navy would come and save him. French Navy shows up at Yorktown, October 1781 Cornwallis surrenders. American troops have begun to mutiny. They felt betrayed Valley Forge army is starving no food no clothing not paid in years. Army refuses to disband. At Newburgh came very close to a coupe de ta, Washington has left the army, comes back and pleas with his officers all the heroic sacrifice would be lost. Pulls out a piece of paper and reading glasses, has almost become completely blind and hair has gone completely white. Could have


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