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FSU BSC 1005 - BABY BIO EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE

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BABY BIO EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDEPart cut off during circumcision – external foreskinIf have AGS what finger will be longer – happens in males, the ring finger is longer than index finger Couples between 33-48 most common contraceptive – female sterilization Changes during pregnancy include – elevated levels of HCG and HPL; estrogen and progesterone levels are also elevated; FSH and LH levels are not shown they are low; adrop in body temp is seen and then a peak (during progesterone peak)Levels changed when in post menstrualBartholins gland goes with what male part – Cowpers gland; produces pre ejaculatory fluid Chart with basal body temp, is she pregnant? – As temp increases, woman becomes more fertile. The drop before this increase is when the women begins to ovulate. When progesterone is high, so is body temp, and therefore fertility. When progesterone is low, the body temp is low. When the female becomes pregnant, the temp will stay high and even better increase Males in Florida get HIV from – Homosexual contact Which of the following is not a barrier contraceptive – IUD, patch, birth control pills Smoking is related to what in babies – low birth weights Know differences in genetic tests for babies – Amniocentsis – drawing up amniotic fluid (14-18 into pregnancy)-Chorionic villi sampling – 9 weeks into pregnancy-screening is done to reduce risk of down syndrome: maternal serum (blood) screens for AFP estradiol and HCG-ultrasound screening can identify the thickness of babiesneck (nuchal translucency) for examining down syndrome Know how to figure out when woman is ovulating - Ovulation: day 14 estrogen levels peak, FSH and LH peak and progesterone levels begin to rise (positive feedback effect between Estrogen and FSH and LH)-to calculate day, count back 14 days from the day of the onsetof the menstrual flow-in a 28 day cycle, subtract 14  most likely ovulated on the 14th day of the cycle o Know differences between anterior and posterior pituitary- Anterior pituitary: connected to the hypothalamus by blood cells, and makes its own hormones that are released and controlled by the neurohormones from the hypothalamus. o Posterior pituitary: connected to the hypothalamus by nerve cells, and it stores neurohormones made in the hypothalamus, it does not make its own hormones Sperm and vas deferas are connected – through the epydmysisScrotum is homologous to what? – labia majoraAdrenogential syndrome? (Options were about size of fingers) – ring finger longer than index fingerFor Down syndrome which is correct? (Options were about if CVS causes more chance of a miscarriage over amniocentesis) – CVS has more chance of a miscarriage Women age 15-19 most common form of contraception? – oral contraceptives Which form of contraception is most affective against STDs? – male condomLeast effective method of contraception – The diaphragmWhich form of contraception is not a barrier? (Options were diaphragm, pill, condom, etc.) – Intrauterine Device (IUD)Chart asks is this woman pregnant? – HCG and HPL are only present in woman, FSH and LH are suppressed Women should go to the hospital when their contractions are howmany minutes apart? – 5 minutes apartWhen is the first step in labor over? – 20 hoursIf you have gonorrhea what else do you have? – Chlamydia If you have herpes what is true? (Options were like: only contracted when blisters present, blisters shown mostly below the waist, etc.)-Herpes is contagious when lesions are present-also can be contagious before outbreak and when lesions ARE NOT present-can occur above or below the waist -can be treated, but not cured at this moment in time-no vaccine for it Layers of the cervix? – permimetrium = outer layerMyometrium = muscle layerEndometrium = inner layer How is AIDS NOT contracted? (Answer was casual contact)What do doctors do when performing a vasectomy? – cut the vas deferns Know when lh is the highest – Ovulation (day 14) FSH and LH are at its peakWhat hormone is produced in the ovaries – estrogen and progesteroneLeast effective form of contraceptives- The diaphragm Most common contraceptives for young single women – oral contraceptivesWhich group of people you'll find fsh and another hormone in?How women in fl are most likely to contact hiv (answer choices are like heterosexual sec, homosexual sex, etc) – heterosexual contactKnow about gonadotropins – they are protein hormones secreted in the anterior pituitary gland The two principle gonadotropins are LH and FSH-In testes, LH and FSH control 3 things: leydig cells (cells that produce the male hormones aka anrogens), seminiferious tubules (produce sperm cells) and also control the exit/enter of sperm through the epididymisWhat diseases cause cervical cancer – HYP types 16 and 18What is true about piv (pelvic inflammatory disease) - There was another question and it was something like which of these is false and the choices were 10-15% of couples have trouble having a baby uhh idr the rest but ill look and try to remember- - Approximately 10-15% of couples will have difficulty conceiving a child- Assisted Conception:o IVF: eggs and sperm combinedo ICSI: single sperm cell injected into eggo FIGT: egg and sperm placed into oviducts  Fresh and frozen eggs were used-gamete intra-fallopian transfero Clomid used to stimulate ovulation at home-another good example of negative feedback. It blocks estrogen feedback and tricks the hypothalamus into thinking there is not enough FSH and LH causing ovulation. If we take away a certain hormone in a male what would we not find – if we took away testosterone from being changedinto DHT, we would NOT find a PENISSomething about what is true of nongonnococus something.. Or something like that – Chlamydia tracomatis organism causesnongonoccal urethritis in men – which is a non gonorrheal inflammation of the urethra What is considered low birth weight – LESS THAN 5.5 lbsWhat habit of a preg woman will cause low birth weight in her baby - smokingWhat stage of labor is delivery performed in – third stage What is the muscle in the uterus called – myometriumWhat type of contraceptives do couples 40-44 use? - sterilizationWhen is the most variation in a menstrual cycle?What is the chemical that says you're pregnant? - HCGWhat happens to a males hormone levels when he uses viagra? What hormone do they look for to test for


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