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FSU REL 1300 - Final Exam Study Guide

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Terms“The Word”AnabaptistsAnti-SemitismApocryphaArch of TitusBurkaCalvinismEgyptian Victory/Stele of MerneptahFiqhGnosticismGurdwaraHadithHijabIconoclasmImamIslamJihadKaabaKetuvimKhalsaLangharLogosMidrashMishnahNebakanezerNebi’imNew Testament­ Niqab­ Old Testament­ Pentateuch­ Pharisees­ Qur’an­ Rabbi­ Ramadan­ SadduceesSamaritans­ Septuagint­ Shari’ah­ Shi’a­ Sufi/Sufism­ Sunni­ Synagogue­ Talmud­ Tanakh­ The Balfour Declaration­ Transubstantiation­ Trinity­ Umayyad Caliphate­ Vulgate­ ZionismDates­ 1230 BCEEgyptian Stele/Merneptah­ 586 BCEThe year Nebakanezer’s forces conquered Judea­ 167 BCEAbolition of Jewish Religion­ 70 CEDestruction of the TempleThe Battle of Milvain­ 325Arian Controversy624The Battle of Badr­ 1054The Year the Christian church splits­ 1384The year of the first English translation of the Christian Bible­ 1492Jews are expelled from the Iberian Peninsula­ 1517­ The year Martin Luther posted his 95 thesis­ 1611The year the King James Bible was published­1654The date Jews first came to America and where the approximate date the Hebrew Bible was canonized1897Rise of Zionism­ 1917Balfour Declaration of 1917­ 1948­ The year was the nation of Israel formally established­ 1973The Year of the Yom Kippur WarPlacesBaghdad­ Constantinople /Istanbul­ Damascus­ Golden Temple­ Indonesia (in reference to Islam)­ Israel­ Jerusalem­ Mecca­ Medina­ NicaeaRomeNamesAbraham­ Antiochus III the Great­ Arius­ Athanasius­ Augustine­ Constantine­ Coverdale, Miles­ Erasmus of Rotterdam­ Gobind Singh­ Henry VIII­ Herzl, Theodor­ Isaac­ Ishmael­ Jerome­ Jesus­ John the Baptist­ King Herod­ Luther, Martin­ Moses­ Muhammad­ Nanak Dev­ Paul of Tarsus­ Salome­ Salvador, Francis­ The Bishop of Rome­ Tyndale, William­ Wycliffe, JohnIdeasBasic outline of the life of Muhammad­ Criticism of the early Christian community by non-Christians­ Leadership in early Christian communities­ Qar’anic ideas about female modesty, and the language used in the Qar’an the the way it has been interpreted­ The books in the Torah/Pentateuch­ The Chi-Rho symbol (the story behind the symbol)­ The Five K’s (in English) of the Sikh Khalsa­ The five pillars of Islam (in English)­ The general format of prayer in mosques­ The languages the Bible was translated into and who did the translation­ The languages the Jewish, Christian and Islamic scriptures were written in and the attitudesregarding scripture translation of each tradition­ The number of and the general reason behind the major Crusades­ The number of schools of Sunni religious law­ The Sacraments Catholics recognize and the Sacraments Protestants recognize­ The succession of leadership of the Muslim community after Muhammad’s death­ What is known about Jesus in documents inside and outside the Christian traditionREL1300 – Final Exam Study GuideThe following information was compiled using the textbook, online databases, and in-classpresentations. Terms“The Word”- The “word” matter or thing, from root meaning to arrange- The “logos” – speaker and spoken- The name – power of language to control and liberate - For Christians, Jesus is the eternal Word of God made incarnate at a certain moment in history. Christ is the word of God made flesh- For Muslims, the Qur’an is the Word of God made into a book Anabaptists- Believed that baptism should be reserved for adults capable of making a mature decision for faith- Re-baptized people who had already been baptized as infants - Founded By Thomas Muntzer- Emerged in response to dissatisfaction with the pace of change during the first decade of Reformation - Followers are called the Mennonites - Today Mennonites resist advanced technology as part of the moral temptation and corruption of the modern world Anti-Semitism - The intense dislike for and prejudice against Jewish people- A certain perception of the Jewish people Apocrypha - Biblical or related writings not forming part of the accepted canon of scripture- Writings or reports not considered genuine - Writings or statements of dubious authenticity Arch of Titus - A first-century honorific arch located on the Via Sacram Rome- Constructed by the Roman emperor Domitian after the death of his older brother Titus to commemorate his victories in the Siege of Jerusalem - Provided the model for the famous arch located in Paris Burka- A long, loose garment covering the whole body- Worn in public by many Muslim women Calvinism - Part of the Reformation movement in Switzerland - Leader was John Calvin - Maintains that humans were created for communion with God and cannot rest until they arrive at it - The human approach to God is spiritual and intellectual - God is absolutely sovereign – both creating and redeeming the world - Humans are dependent on the divine grace and are utterly sinful and powerless to achieve salvation- The sovereign God, who is moth omniscient and omnipotent, predestines every person to eithersalvation or damnation - Today Calvinist churches are termed Reformed - Presbyterianism Egyptian Victory/Stele of Merneptah- Earliest mention of Jews- “Israel is laid waste; its seed is no more”Fiqh - Jurisprudence- The theoretical and systematic aspect of Islamic Law, consisting of the interpretation and codification of the shari’ah or sacred law - It means understanding in Arabic - The legal foundation of Islamic religious, political, and civil law Gnosticism - Gnosis means knowledge- Claimed to have privileged, secret knowledge- Had a dualistic perspective – the divine powers of good are opposed by demonic forces of evil, and spirit is engaged in a cosmic struggle with matter- The Christian Gnostics saw Jesus as an emissary from the realm of the spirit who appeared in human form but did not take on full materialistic existence- Suggested that humanity could be released from its primal entrapment in the sinful cosmos onlythrough divine redemptionGurdwara- The Sikh place of worship - Means Gateway to the guru- Can be identified by tall flagpoles and Sikh flags - People of all faiths are welcome hereHadith - A collection of traditions containing sayings of the prophet Muhammad - Means narrative Hijab- A head covering worn in public by some Muslim women - The religious code that governs the wearing of such clothing - The Qur’an doesn’t refer to it at all – only says they should dress modestly - Many women choose to wear it


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