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FSU FAD 3220 - Chapter 13

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Chapter 13Emerging adulthood -Late teens through mid to late twenties- Period of time in which young people are no longer adolescents but have not yet settled into adult roles-Legally -18 can vote, marry, enter binding contracts-Sociological -self-supporting or have chosen a career and a partner-Psychological -discovering identity, independent of parents, values, relationship -state of mind rather than an event; some never become adults-Laypeople definition 1. Accepting responsibility for oneself 2. Making independent decisions 3. becoming financially independent-Modern society (due to technology and education) -entering college, working, moving away from home, getting married, having childrenInfluences on health- Diet, weight gain/obesity, sleep – barriers to healthy lifestyle- Indirect – SES, relationshipsInfluences on health:- Genetic, diet and nutrition, obesity, eating disorders, physical activity, stress, sleep, smoking, alcohol useDiet- Reduces risk of high blood pressure- Mediterranean lifestyle (fruits, veggies, whole grain)Weight Gain/ obesity- Increase in snaking portions, high fat diets, technology- Leads to depression, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, shortens life, cancersSleep- Family and academic stress associated with insomnia- Affects physical, cognitive, emotional and social functioning- Impairs decision making, memory, and verbal learning- Sleep improves learning of motor skills and prevent oversaturation of brain processingIndirect influences on health- Income, education, race, relationshipsSES- Higher income people rate their health as better and tend to live longer- The less schooling people have, the more likely they are to die of disease, injury homicide/ suicide, chronic problems- Higher-income tend to have better health care, medical treatment and better diets- African Americans metabolize more nicotine in the blood and have higher rates of homicideRelationships and health- Social interaction: engagement in social relationships and roles (spouce, parent, neighbor, friend, etc.) Influence in healthful behaviors such as exercising, eating right. More likely to survive heart attacks, less likely to be anxious or depressed, less susceptible to colds. Mediated by stress hormones such as cortisol (decrease stress)- Social support: material, informational and psychological resources derived from social network; used for coping with stress. More likely to eat and sleep sensibly, exercise, eat right, etc. Less likely to be stressed, depressed and die. Married people tend to behealthier than those who are not. People in poor marriage tend to have poorer health. Peak of illicit drug use – most popular drug?-Peaks at age 18 to 25-In adolescence, marijuana is the most popular drugInfertility -# 1 cause for men and womenInfertility- Inability to conceive a baby after 12 months of intercourse in absence of birth control methodsMen infertility- Production of too few sperm; ejaculatory duct may be blocked or sperm unable to swim well enough; sometimes geneticWomen infertility- Failure to produce ova/ normal ova or mucus in the cervix- Disease of uterine lining- Blockage of fallopian tubesPostformal -Mature type of thinking that relies of subjective experience and intuition as well as logic and allows room for ambiguity, uncertainty, inconsistence, contradiction, imperfection and compromise- begins in emerging adulthood through higher educationEmotional Intelligence -Salovey and Mayer’s term for ability to understand and regulate emotions: and important component of intelligent behavior-4 related skills- perceive, use, understand and manage our emotions-Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence test (MSCEIT) -Generates a score for each ability then gives total score- High score= stronger relationshipsCollege Transition -More than half of high school graduates go on to higher education-1 in 4 college students will take an online class at some point-Higher education is associated with increases in financial literacySpillover Hypothesis Hypothesis that there is a carryover of cognitive gains from work toleisure that explains the positive relationship between activities in the quality of intellectual functioning- Cognitive gains from work spill over into nonworkinghoursChapter 14Recentering -Process that underlies the shift to an adult identity-Primary task of emerging adulthood3 Stages1. Still embedded in the family of origin but expectations for self-reliance and directedness begin to increase2. Individual remains connected to but no longer embedded in the family of origin. College, jobs and intimate partners. Moving towards serious commitments.3. (Age 30) Moves into young adulthood. Independence from family of origin and commitment to a career, partner and possibly childrenAdult relationship with parents- Quality of- Failure to launchQuality of relationship:- Positive parent child relationships predict warmer and less conflicted relationships at 26 years old- Relationships better when young adult was married and childless, engaging in productive activity, and not living at home- Quality affected by relationship between mother and father- poor relationship between parents leads to depressive thoughts for young adultsFailure to Launch- Movie: 30 year old man living with parents- Adult children who live with parents may have trouble renegotiating relationship- In-house adulthood: live-in adult children and their parents treat each other as equals- Popular in EuropeErickson Intimacy versus Isolation (6th stage)- Young adults either form strong, long-lasting bonds with friends or romantic partners, or face a possible sense of isolation and self-absorption- Young adults who have developed a strong sense of the self during adolescence are in a better position to fuse identity with that of another personTiming of events – normative, social clockTiming-of-events model- Theoretical model of personality development that describes adult psychosocial development as a response to the expected or unexpected occurrence and timing of important life eventsNormative life events- In the timing-of-events model, commonly expected lifeexperiences that occur at customary timesSocial-clock- Society’s norms or expectations for the appropriate timing of life eventsFive factor model of personality Theoretical model of personality, developed and tested by Costa and McCrae, based n the “Big Five” factors underlying clusters of related personality


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