New version page

FSU AMH 2020 - Study guide for Exam 2

Upgrade to remove ads

This preview shows page 1-2-3-4-5-6 out of 17 pages.

Save
View Full Document
Premium Document
Do you want full access? Go Premium and unlock all 17 pages.
Access to all documents
Download any document
Ad free experience
Premium Document
Do you want full access? Go Premium and unlock all 17 pages.
Access to all documents
Download any document
Ad free experience
Premium Document
Do you want full access? Go Premium and unlock all 17 pages.
Access to all documents
Download any document
Ad free experience
Premium Document
Do you want full access? Go Premium and unlock all 17 pages.
Access to all documents
Download any document
Ad free experience
Premium Document
Do you want full access? Go Premium and unlock all 17 pages.
Access to all documents
Download any document
Ad free experience
Premium Document
Do you want full access? Go Premium and unlock all 17 pages.
Access to all documents
Download any document
Ad free experience

Upgrade to remove ads
Unformatted text preview:

AMH Study guide for Exam 210/10/11 Wilson and World War One1. The Election of 1912i. The 1912 election comprised of Wilson and Taft who represented the 2 major parties, while Eugene Debs ran as a socialist, and Roosevelt headed the Progressive party. Wilsonwins the electiona. Woodrow Wilsona. Wilson was originally the president of Princeton, born in Virginia and raised in Georgia during the Civil War and Reconstruction.b. Elected as governor of New Jersey and was seen as a strong leader which led to his candidacy for president. c. Critical of big business, organized labor, socialism, and agrarian radicalism. d. Ran as a Democratb. Eugene Debsa. Ran as a socialist during the electionb. Founder of the Industrial Workers of the World. A major labor union.c. In 1908 Debs attracted over 400,000 votes representing the intensity of working class unrestd. Only received 6 percent of the votes in the 1912 election which was a record high for the socialist partyc. William Howard Tafta. Won the election of 1908 due to the fact that Roosevelt, who was the current president, was very successful. Taft was Roosevelt’s secretary of war and Roosevelt expressed his desire for Taft as president. b. Taft graduated from Yale, was a tax collector, judge in Ohio, federal judge, governor of the Philippine, and then secretary of war before president.c. In 1910 Roosevelt expressed anger towards the Taft administration and Roosevelt enteredthe election of 1912 representing the progressive party. d. Theodore Roosevelta. Entered the election of 1912 as leader of the progressive party in anger towards Taft. i. He was originally on a safari in Africa and a tour of Europe when he decided to return to the U.S. to enter the running for president.b. Roosevelt’s candidacy almost ended when he was shot in Milwaukee on the way to a speech. He insisted on going to the speech, regardless of his wound, and when he arrived he showed the audience his bloody shirt and stated, “It takes more than this to kill a bull moose.” Hence the Bull Moose Party.e. New Nationalism v. New Freedoma. The election of 1912 came down to the competing ideologies of Roosevelt and Wilsoni. Roosevelt’s New Nationalism was focused on the idea that Progressives must give up Jeffersonian prejudices against big government and use the power of government to achieve democratic ends in the public interest.1. This enabled government to promote social justice and enact such reforms as graduated income and inheritance taxes, workers’ compensation, regulation of child and women labor, and a stronger bureau of corporations.ii. Wilsons New Freedom believed that the federal government should restore competition rather than regulate monopolies. 1. This required eliminating all trusts, lowering tariffs, and breaking the concentration of financial power on Wall Street 2. The Wilson Administrationa. National Legislative Victoriesi. Wilson believed that corporations to suppress foreign competition and keep consumerprices high were abusing tariffs. 1. The Wilson administration lowered tariff rates but raised revenues with the first federal income tax levied under the newly ratified 16th amendment. 2. 16th amendment: the congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.ii. From 1830-1913 the country had been without a central bank and instead the country’s money supply was provided by hundreds of private banks. This was seen asinstable and inefficient. Wilson told Congress that a federal banking system was needed because banks shouldn’t run businesses and individual enterprise. 1. The Federal Reserve Act of 1913 created a new national banking system with 12 regional Federal Reserve banks, each owned by member banks in its district.2. Each bank had to subscribe 6 percent of its capital to the Feral reserve which made it possible to expand both the money supply and bank credit in times of high business activity or as the level of borrowing increased.b. World War Onei. In the 19th century the United States geographical distance separated them from the wars throughout Europe. During the 20th century expanding world trade and the development of steam-powered ships and submarines took the security of isolation away. ii. The assassination of the Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand by a Serbian nationalist, Austria-Hungary’s determination to punish Serbia, and Russia military mobilization in sympathy with the Slavic Serbia triggered a conflict between the two major European systems of alliances1. The Triple Alliance or Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy2. The Triple Entente or Allied Powers: France, Great Britain, and Russiaiii. As the trench war along Belgium and France stalemated, the casualties soared and pressure for the U.S. intervention increased. President Wilson urged Americans to remain neutral iv. Wilson tried to mediate an end to the European War but neither side was willingto negotiate. This caused German military leaders to provoke American anger in hope of scoring a quick knockout. v. Germany proclaimed a war zone around the British Isles and any enemy ship in those waters was liable to sinking by submarines. The US viewed this as a violation of neutral rights and would hold Germany accountable for any destruction of American lives or property. On May 7, 1915 a German U-boattorpedoed the passenger ship Lusitania and killed 1198 people. This angered Americans. vi. In March 1917 German submarines sunk 5 American merchant vessels and on March 20th Wilson’s cabinet endorsed a declaration of war. Wilson signed the measure to declare war on April 6th 1917.c. Liberal Internationalism1. The goal of liberal internationalism is to achieve global structures within the international system that promote a liberal world order. This means global free trade, liberal economics, liberal political systems, and the encouragement of democracy globally.ii. Democratic Peace Theory1. The theory that democracies rarely, or even never, go to war with one another. This is because democratic leaders must answer to the voters forwar and therefore have incentive to seek alternatives; and such statesmen have practice settling manners by discussion not war.iii. Immanuel Kant1. Spoke of the Democratic Peace Theory in his essay Perpetual Peace in 1795. He believed the majority of people would never vote to go to war,


View Full Document
Download Study guide for Exam 2
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Study guide for Exam 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Study guide for Exam 2 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?