TAMU PSYC 307 - The Family (4 pages)

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The Family

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The Family


This lecture covers the family.

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
Texas A&M University
Psyc 307 - Developmntl Psychology
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PSYC 307 1st Edition Lecture 20 Overview of Previous Lecture Theory of Mind Autism and False Belief Imaginary Companions Self Esteem Identity in Adolescence Issues Overview of Current Lecture Parents and Socialization o Parenting Styles Factors Affecting Parenting Style Sibling Relationships Changes in families in the US o Factors that have changed o Divorce and remarriage November 20 I Parents and Socialization a Parents can influence their children s development through socialization in three ways i As direct instructors who explicitly teach their children skills rules etc 1 Do as I say ii As indirect socializers who transmit skills rules attitudes 1 Do as I do iii As providers and controllers of opportunities through management of children s experiences and social lives b Parenting Styles i Two important dimensions of parenting style 1 The degree of parental warmth support and acceptance responsiveness 2 The degree of parental control and demandingness control ii Diana Baumrind identified four styles of parenting related to these dimensions 1 Parenting styles table a Demanding vs undemanding expect a lot expect little b Supportive vs unsupportive accepting rejecting 2 4 parenting styles mix of factors above a Authoritative Parenting demanding supportive i Relationship is reciprocal responsive high in bidirectional communication warm in interaction explain why rules exist child centered ii Children more socially competent independent and cooperative as young children achievement oriented internalized moral standards during middle childhood and adolescence a part of process high self esteem do better in school get along better b Authoritarian Parenting demanding unsupportive i Relationships is controlling power assertive high in unidirectional communication no explanation of importance of rules parent centered more likely to use corporal punishment don t internalize moral standards no ownership over rules ii Children anxious and insecure low self esteem low

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