TAMU PSYC 307 - Peer Relationships (3 pages)

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Peer Relationships

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Peer Relationships


This lecture covers peer relationships

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Texas A&M University
Psyc 307 - Developmntl Psychology
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PSYC 307 1st Edition Lecture 21 Overview of Previous Lecture Parents and Socialization o Parenting Styles Factors Affecting Parenting Style Sibling Relationships Changes in families in the US o Factors that have changed o Divorce and remarriage Overview of Current Lecture Peer Relationships o Play o Friendships o Popularity and Rejection o Family and Peer Relationships A Play and Others I Peer Sociability in Play a Nonsocial play unoccupied onlooker behavior solitary play b Parallel play plays near other children with similar toys but does not try to influence them c Social interaction associative play cooperative play rules and cooperation II Cognitive Play Categories a Functional play simple repetitive motor movements 0 2 years b Make believe play acting out every day and imaginative roles 2 6 c Constructive play creating or constructing something 3 6 d Games with rules understanding and following rules in play after 6 III Friendships a Intimate reciprocated positive relationships between people b Developmental changes i 4 7 years playmates who is in close proximity can change rapidly similar in sex similar interests ii 8 10 years trust and assistance dependable trustworthy similar interests sex and age often from same racial and ethnic group iii 11 years intimacy and loyalty ability to reveal confide in expect loyalty in return choose friends who understand where you are coming from friends who will be there to make choices with you even if they don t always agree support c Functions of Friendships i Source of emotional support and security ii Support of friends particularly important during difficult transition periods 1 Transitions through adolescence in family in life goals etc iii Friendships may serve as a buffer against unpleasant experiences IV Peer Groups a Types i Clique small group of individuals that are similar in interests attitudes and what they like to do very small specific chosen 1 More cliques present in early to middle childhood more transient

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