TAMU PSYC 307 - Moral Development (4 pages)

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Moral Development

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Moral Development


This is the final lecture for the course. It covers moral development.

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Lecture Note
Texas A&M University
Psyc 307 - Developmntl Psychology
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PSYC 307 1st Edition Lecture 22 Overview of Current Lecture Moral Development o Theories o Kohlberg o Carol Gilligan o Prosocial Behaviors o Antisocial Behaviors December 2 Moral Development I Theories of Moral Development a Biological i Morality altruism is rooted in human nature b Social Learning i Morality is acceptance and practice of social norms c Cognitive Development Piaget covered on exam information in book i Moral reasoning and motivations of behavior 1 The reasoning behind behavior is critical for determining whether it is or is not moral 2 Change in moral reasoning is basis for moral development II Kohlberg a Kohlberg s Stages of Moral Development i Expanded upon Piaget s theory behavior appropriate to each stage 1 Preconventional 2 6 years a Punishment and obedience b Instrumental purpose 2 Conventional 6 12 years a good boy good girl morality of interpersonal cooperation b Social order maintaining 3 Postconventional principled level 12 years a Social contract b Universal ethical principle ii What motivates your behavior is externally influenced driven 1 Preconventional avoid punishment satisfy needs 2 Conventional understand and appreciate function of rules norms a Act according to conventions 3 Postconventional rules can be arbitrary based on society a Universal ethical principles rooted in human nature apply to all societies b Kohlberg s Theory of Moral Judgment i Important points 1 Stage theories must happen in sequence rate can vary 2 Universal culture society does not matter a All individuals follow same progression to higher ethical principles 3 Cognitive development especially perspective taking skills determines progress through the stages a The more you can think abstractly take others perspectives more likely you are to progress through stages ii Critique of Kohlberg s Theory 1 Spent most of career at Harvard testing middle aged white males a Research may not generalize 2 People rarely get to stage 6 dilemma on his measures 3 Sex difference

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