WVSU PSYC 151 - Outline241 2016-2017 Physical Development in Middle and Late Adulthood (33 pages)

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Outline241 2016-2017 Physical Development in Middle and Late Adulthood



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Outline241 2016-2017 Physical Development in Middle and Late Adulthood

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Pages:
33
School:
West Virginia State University
Course:
Psyc 151 - General Psychology

Unformatted text preview:

Physical Development in Middle and Late Adulthood From Chapters 13 and 15 Outline Defining Middle and Late Adulthood Physical Development in Middle and Late Adulthood Physical changes Sensory changes Hormonal changes Health Trends Defining Middle Adulthood Middle adulthood 40 years to about 65 Early Middle Adulthood 40 55 yrs Late Middle Adulthood 55 65 yrs Aging is a positive experience for most people at least until about age 75 Defining Late Adulthood Who is old Depends on who you ask Younger adults 60 years Older adults 65 74 yrs Depends on Policy Medicare 65 yrs United Nations IRS 60 yrs AARP World health Organization 50 yrs Life Satisfaction and Age Longevity and Aging Longevity Life Expectancy Life Span Differences in Life Expectancy Influenced by Context Culture Gender Behavioral factors Biological factors Longevity Aging Centenarians Biological factors Contextual factors 15 8 Theories of Biological Aging Genetic Programming Theories Variable Rate Theories Programmed Senescence Theory Wear and Tear Theory Endocrine Theory Free Radical Theory Immunological Theory Rate of living Theory Evolutionary Theory Autoimmune Theory Genetic Programming Theories Variable Rate Theories General Principle People who are active early in life reap the benefits later in life Use it or lose it Physical changes in Middle Adulthood Skin becomes wrinkled Hair becomes thinner Fat in torso Can be avoided eating and exercise Teeth yellow Physical Development in Late Adulthood Wrinkles and age spots Loss of height and weight Slower Movement Physical changes in Middle Adulthood Strength joints and bones Sarcopenia Cartilage become less flexible Bone loss begins Osteopenia Start to lose height Endurance decreases Cardiovascular system Physical Changes in Late Adulthood The circulatory system and lungs Cardiovascular disorders increase Lung capacity drops 40 percent Endurance decreases Can improve with exercise Sleep in Middle Adulthood Beginning in 40s wakeful periods are more frequent Less of deepest sleep Factors in poor sleep High number of prescription and non Obese Depressed Cardiovascular disease 50 of older adults difficulty sleeping prescription medications Sensory changes in Middle Adulthood Changes in Vision Presbyopia far sighted Sensitivity to light Loss of visual acuity Myopia near sighted Changes in hearing Hearing Loss Presbycusis Speeds up in the fifties Sensory changes in Late Adulthood Vision visual acuity color vision and depth perception decline cataracts glaucoma macular degeneration Sensory Changes in Late Adulthood Hearing Degeneration of cochlea Smell and taste Most older adults lose some ability to taste and or smell Touch and pain Changes in touch are not problematic Decreased sensitivity to pain may mask injury and illness Menopause Average age 52 years When a woman permanently stops ovulating and menstruating Symptoms of Menopause Little discomfort for many Most common hot flashes Other symptoms In the US most women view menopause



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