WVSU PSYC 151 - Outline241 2016-2017 Physical Development in Middle and Late Adulthood (33 pages)

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Outline241 2016-2017 Physical Development in Middle and Late Adulthood



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Outline241 2016-2017 Physical Development in Middle and Late Adulthood

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Pages:
33
School:
West Virginia State University
Course:
Psyc 151 - General Psychology
Unformatted text preview:

Physical Development in Middle and Late Adulthood From Chapters 13 and 15 Outline Defining Middle and Late Adulthood Physical Development in Middle and Late Adulthood Physical changes Sensory changes Hormonal changes Health Trends Defining Middle Adulthood Middle adulthood 40 years to about 65 Early Middle Adulthood 40 55 yrs Late Middle Adulthood 55 65 yrs Aging is a positive experience for most people at least until about age 75 Defining Late Adulthood Who is old Depends on who you ask Younger adults 60 years Older adults 65 74 yrs Depends on Policy Medicare 65 yrs United Nations IRS 60 yrs AARP World health Organization 50 yrs Life Satisfaction and Age Longevity and Aging Longevity Life Expectancy Life Span Differences in Life Expectancy Influenced by Context Culture Gender Behavioral factors Biological factors Longevity Aging Centenarians Biological factors Contextual factors 15 8 Theories of Biological Aging Genetic Programming Theories Variable Rate Theories Programmed Senescence Theory Wear and Tear Theory Endocrine Theory Free Radical Theory Immunological Theory Rate of living Theory Evolutionary Theory Autoimmune Theory Genetic Programming Theories Variable Rate Theories General Principle People who are active early in life reap the benefits later in life Use it or lose it Physical changes in Middle Adulthood Skin becomes wrinkled Hair becomes thinner Fat in torso Can be avoided eating and exercise Teeth yellow Physical Development in Late Adulthood Wrinkles and age spots Loss of height and weight Slower Movement Physical changes in Middle Adulthood Strength joints and bones Sarcopenia Cartilage become less flexible Bone loss begins Osteopenia Start to lose height Endurance decreases Cardiovascular system Physical Changes in Late Adulthood The circulatory system and lungs Cardiovascular disorders increase Lung capacity drops 40 percent Endurance decreases Can improve with exercise Sleep in Middle Adulthood Beginning in 40s wakeful periods are more frequent Less of deepest sleep Factors in poor sleep High number of prescription and non Obese Depressed Cardiovascular disease 50 of older adults difficulty sleeping prescription medications Sensory changes in Middle Adulthood Changes in Vision Presbyopia far sighted Sensitivity to light Loss of visual acuity Myopia near sighted Changes in hearing Hearing Loss Presbycusis Speeds up in the fifties Sensory changes in Late Adulthood Vision visual acuity color vision and depth perception decline cataracts glaucoma macular degeneration Sensory Changes in Late Adulthood Hearing Degeneration of cochlea Smell and taste Most older adults lose some ability to taste and or smell Touch and pain Changes in touch are not problematic Decreased sensitivity to pain may mask injury and illness Menopause Average age 52 years When a woman permanently stops ovulating and menstruating Symptoms of Menopause Little discomfort for many Most common hot flashes Other symptoms In the US most women view menopause positively Health After Menopause Osteoporosis Can result in loss of height and hunchback Ethnic differences Slowing osteoporosis Proper nutrition Exercise Avoidance of smoking Changes in Male Sexuality No male menopause Testosterone decreases slowly About 1 per year after the 30s Health and disease in middle adulthood Frequency of accidents declines Fewer colds and allergies Role of Stress in disease 1324 Health Trends Arthritis is the most common Cancer all Leading cause of death in middle age Heart Disease Leading cause of death in middle age Role of hostility Hypertension risk factor for cardiovascular and kidney diseases Diabetes has doubled since 1990s Health Status in Late Adulthood Most older adults 73 report being in good general health but on average have 2 3 chronic health conditions 5 prescriptions Health Exercise Prevention of common chronic diseases Improvement in the treatment of many diseases Improves older adults cellular functioning and immune system functioning 1527 Causes of Death in Later Adulthood Cancers 65 74 year olds Cardiovascular disease Leading cause of death for those 75 years old Accidents 6th leading cause of death in older adults Linked to frailty and pneumonia Figure 15 4 Physical Fitness and Mortality 1529 Health Health treatment Extended care facilities Geriatric nurses Factor related to health in a nursing home 1530 Figure 15 6 Perceived Control and Mortality 1531 Activities of Daily Living Activities of Daily Living ADLs Instrumental Activities of Daily Living IADLs Dressing Bathing Toileting Getting around the house Getting in and out of bed Grooming Meals Going shopping alone Using phone taking meds heavy housework and laundry getting around town Walking climbing Stairs Reaching Functional Activities grasping Lifting and carrying Developmental PSYC in Real Life What are 2 5 best practices that you can put into practice now to help your later years If you have aging grandparents or relatives what kinds of activities you might do with them to optimize their later years


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