WVSU PSYC 151 - Study guide EXAM 3 (5 pages)

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Study guide EXAM 3



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Study guide EXAM 3

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Pages:
5
School:
West Virginia State University
Course:
Psyc 151 - General Psychology

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Exam 3 CHILDHOOD EARLY AND MIDDLE What are the typical patterns of growth Early childhood 2 5 inches per year Middle childhood Slow consistent growth What are typical sex differences Boys have more muscle cells girls have more Fat cells BRAIN DEVELOPMENT What changes are occurring in the brain during childhood Early Rapid prefrontal cortex growth increase in brain surface Middle Pruning and growth start balancing each other out Does the volume of the brain change Yes by 95 Does the functioning of the brain change How so Yes by speed and efficiency What areas of the brain are developing at these ages Left hemisphere prefrontal cortex Describe synaptic pruning Elimination of neurons and synaptic connections to increase efficiency of Neuronal transmissions How does brain development relate to attention Prefrontal increases which contributes to attention Give examples of early and middle childhood of Gross motor development Early Large muscle skills being used Helping to create physical ability Middle Reaction building ability force Fine motor development Early Particular motor skills such as Blocks moving onto legs Middle Writing Drawing What are examples of learning Disabilities Dyslexia Reading Dysgraphia Writing Dyscalculia Math Describe common features of ADHD Causes Genetics brain damage during prenatal low birth weight drinking smoking during pregnancy Behaviors inattention hyperactivity impulsivity Differences in brain development Delayed peak in the thickness of the Cerebral Cortex What are the autism spectrum disorders Deficiencies in social relationships abnormalities in communication Restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT Piaget Compare and contrast Preoperational and Concrete Operational Stages Preoperational 2 to 5 7 years One dimension Concrete 5 7 to 12 years Multidimensional Give examples of preoperational thought in regards to Symbolic Function Can mentally represent and object that is not present Draw language and play Causality Identity and Category Egocentrism Focus on one s own point of view inability to take another person s perspective Contrast concepts Centration De centration Focus on one aspect of a situation while ignoring other aspects Irreversibility not being able to mentally undo what they done before Reversibility Being able to mentally undo what they had done before usually Physically Give Examples of concrete operational thinking in regards to Seriation the ability to order stimuli to sort by color or type Transitive Inference the ability to combine relations to understand certain conclusions if then Class Inclusion Ability to include objects correctly within Multiple classifications What cognitive ability is still limited during the concrete operational stage Abstract concepts are still difficult Vygotsky Define and give an example zone of proximal development Range of tasks that are too difficult for the child to master alone but that can be learned with guidance and



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