WVSU PSYC 151 - Outline 241 2015-2016 Cognitive Development in Middle and Late Adulthood (23 pages)

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Outline 241 2015-2016 Cognitive Development in Middle and Late Adulthood



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Outline 241 2015-2016 Cognitive Development in Middle and Late Adulthood

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Pages:
23
School:
West Virginia State University
Course:
Psyc 151 - General Psychology
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Cognitive Development in Middle and Late Adulthood Outline Types of Intelligence Changes in Intelligence Memory and Creativity Baltes Model of Cognitive Development Wisdom Dementia Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence Fluid Crystallized Seattle Longitudinal Study HUGE Sequential Research study Main focus on individual change and stability in intelligence Started by K Warner Schaie one of the founders of the WVU Life Span Development program Seattle Longitudinal Study Peak performance in middle age overall Verbal abilities show greatest stability Perceptual speed and numeric abilities first to show declines Cross sectional vs Longitudinal Comparisons of Intellectual Abilities When did the participants show a peak in their cognitive functioning Can you think of reasons why Expertise Mature adults show increasing competence solving problems in their field Encapsulation Cognitive Changes in Late Life Decline STABLE Episodic Procedural memory memory Names Motor skills and habits faces Encoding new information Priming Ability to solve a problem or answer a question May Improve Semantic memory Vocabulary and knowledge deeper comprehension and integration across feelings and facts Cognitive Functioning Explicit memory Implicit memory Cognitive Functioning Executive functioning Changes in late adulthood Much variability among older adults Developmental Psyc in Real Life Training cognitive skills Improve the cognitive skills of many older adults Some loss in plasticity in late adulthood especially in the oldest old Cognitive vitality of older adults can be improved through cognitive and physical fitness training Baltes Dual Process Model Mechanics of Intelligence Neurophysiological hardware declines with age Pragmatics of Intelligence Culture based Software knowledge and skills wisdom Can continue to increase in later adulthood Baltes Dual Process Model Selective Optimization with Compensation SOC Using psychosocial resources to compensate for weakened mechanical abilities Wisdom Wisdom experience expert knowledge excellent judgment High levels of wisdom are rare Factors other than age Personality factors Approaches to Studying Wisdom Social judgments explore people s common conceptions of wisdom Personality wisdom is the culmination of a lifetime of personal growth and ego development Jung and Erikson Cognitive expertise exceptional breadth and depth of knowledge reflective judgement and application of this knowledge Transcendence insight and awareness of the uncertain paradoxical nature of reality and a detachment from preoccupation with the self Dementia Dementia neurological disorder deterioration of mental functioning Loss of ability to care for self recognize familiar surroundings and people Early warning signs of dementia http www youtube com watch v mje9QL32tyc fe ature related Alzheimer s Disease Alzheimer s Disease Progressive irreversible brain disorder Behavioral Symptoms Deterioration of memory reasoning language and physical functioning Onset Early vs late Physical symptoms Plaques and tangles Alzheimer s Disease Fewer than 25 of older adults have AD NOT normal aging Nun Study List factors that are thought to be negatively correlated with the incidence and effects of Alzheimer s disease or other dementias If you were the director of a senior center how would you use this information in your center Personally how could you apply this research to your own life https www youtube com watch v nw2lafKIEio https www youtube com watch v aKcbfEbT2aU Causes of Alzheimer s Disease Causes are likely multifactorial Age Genetics Lifestyle Lack of exercise Parkinson s Disease Parkinson s disease a chronic progressive disease Symptoms Muscle tremors slowed movements partial facial paralysis unstable posture Onset damage to dopamine neurons Dopamine replacement therapy can slow progression in early stages Care for Individuals with Dementia Physically and emotionally draining Family support important but costly Importance of respite care Services that provide temporary relief for cargiver


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