WVSU PSYC 151 - REVIEW SHEET FOR EXAM 4 (11 pages)

Previewing pages 1, 2, 3, 4 of 11 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

REVIEW SHEET FOR EXAM 4



Previewing pages 1, 2, 3, 4 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

REVIEW SHEET FOR EXAM 4

33 views


Pages:
11
School:
West Virginia State University
Course:
Psyc 151 - General Psychology
Unformatted text preview:

REVIEW SHEET FOR EXAM 4 ADOLESCENCE AND YOUNG ADULTHOOD PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT Puberty Process that leads to sexual maturity or fertility period of rapid physical maturation involving hormonal bodily changes What are its causes timing and effects Hormonal and bodily changes testosterone and estrogen secular trend height and weight Brain development What changes are occurring in the Amygdala and Pre Frontal Cortex Amygdala The seat of emotions such as anger this area develops before other regions Pre frontal Cortex this judgment region reins in intense emotions but doesn t finish developing until at least adulthood Exercise Sleep and Time How much exercise is best 30 minutes 3 5x a week What age has the best strength and endurance 19 to 26 What changes are occurring in the natural sleep cycles for teens Bed later How much sleep is best during the teen years 9 hours What changes occur in how teens uses their free time Friends less family What are the main Eating disorders Anorexia Nervosa Bulimia Nervosa What are the symptoms and treatments Anorexia Nervosa self starvation distorted body image Bulimia Nervosa Bingeing and undoing of caloric intake on regular basis Treatment reward eating Drug Abuse What is the most commonly used drug during the teen years Alcohol What differences exist between teen and young adult drinking behavior Adolescents drink less frequently than adults but drink more per occasion Sexual Behavior What is the average age for initiating sexual activity 16 boys What factors are related to delaying sex Many are not emotionally prepared to handle sexual experiences What type of Sex Ed tends to be most effective Contraceptive sex ed tends to be the most effective How common are STIs 1 out of 4 Teenage Mothers Fathers What are some common traits of teen parents Low income low education unprotected sex What are some risks to the mother Depression and dropping out of school Children of the teenage Parents What are associated with being born to teen parents Low birth rate Sexual Orientation What are some accepted causes of sexual orientation Same sex What does it mean to have a bi cultural identity and why is that recommended Mixture of two cultures into one What are the most prevalent STIs in young adulthood Gonorrhea When do men and women have decreased fertility What is the most common cause for infertility Unprotected sex COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT Define Piaget s Stage of Formal Operations Develops around what age adolescents What new abilities are part of formal operational thinking Abstract thinking Do all adolescents and adults achieve the formal operational stage No about 1 3 only do Information Processing What structural changes occur Increased capacity in working memory and long term memory What functional changes occur Increased ability to reason and draw conclusions Describe Elkind s types of immature Thought Idealism criticalness Extreme but critical of others Argumentativeness Will be more likely to argue especially if the parents talk it out with them Hypocrisy I hate global warming but drink a bunch of plastic waters first to point out hypocrisy in others Indecisiveness a lot of different ways to solve problems but not good at figuring out which is most effective Imaginary audience Thinking people are looking at your flaws at the moment but no one notices Personal fable 14 and I just broke up with my first boyfriend and no one can possibly feel what I going through not a true statement Cognition in Emerging Adulthood What are features of adult cognition Realistic Idealism decreases as young adults face the constraints of reality Pragmatic Move from acquiring knowledge to applying knowledge Reflective Relativistic Belief that as young adults face what they can actually do in reality they lose their idealistic view of the world Describe Postformal thinking Ability to deal with Uncertainty and inconsistency contradiction imperfection and compromise Draws on Intuition Emotion and Logic What is Emotional Intelligence The ability to recognize and deal with one s own feelings and the feelings of others Self awareness self management social awareness and relationship management College How does thinking change over the college years Rigidity Flexibility Freely chosen commitments How does working positively and or negatively affect college performance Positive is organized time and work habits Negatives are lack of time and tiredness What percentage of student s complete degree in 5 years 25 1 out of 4 What factors relate to successfully earning a degree Motivation independently fit between school and student Cognition and Work What is Spillover Hypothesis Cognitive gains from work carry over to nonworking hours SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT ADOLESCENCE Erikson Identity vs Identity Confusion A series of basic life commitments in a variety of spheres Time or experimentation with roles and personality Marcia s Four identity Statuses give an example of each Identity Diffusion is the status of individuals who have not yet experienced a crisis or made any commitments Not only are they undecided about occupational and ideological choices they are also likely to show little interest in such matters Identity Foreclosure is the status of individuals who have made a commitment but have not experienced a crisis This occurs most often when parents hand down commitments to their adolescents usually in an authoritarian way before adolescents have had a chance to explore different approaches ideologies and vocations on their own Identity Moratorium is the status of individuals who are in the midst of a crisis but who commitments are either absent or are only vaguely defined Identity Achievement is the status of individuals who have undergone a crisis and have made a commitment Families Contrast the old model and new model of the parent adolescent relationship Old model of parent adolescent relationships suggested that as we mature we will detach ourselves from parents and move into a world of autonomy apart from parents New model emphasizes that Emerging adulthood to move out Parents serve as important attachment figures and support systems while adolescents explore a wider more complete social world How does the attachment relationship change during the years Teens seek for more independence from parents talking about their life wise How do parents try to monitor their teens Parents attempt to monitor by rules restrictions How do teens control the information their parents


View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view REVIEW SHEET FOR EXAM 4 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view REVIEW SHEET FOR EXAM 4 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?