WVSU PSYC 151 - EXAM 5 (10 pages)

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EXAM 5



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EXAM 5

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Pages:
10
School:
West Virginia State University
Course:
Psyc 151 - General Psychology
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EXAM 5 PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT Middle Age is a Social Construct What does this mean What age range is currently associated with middle age 40 to 65 years old Do middle aged adults typically feel satisfied with their lives Positive experience for most people at least until about age 75 What are some typical changes in middle adulthood Body changes Skin Becomes wrinkles Fat In torso Muscle mass Lost if not used Cardiovascular functioning 50 of older adults difficulty in sleeping How does quality of sleep change during middle adulthood Poor sleep due to medication obese and depressed What are typical vision changes Vision worsens Changes in hearing Hearing loss Describe sexuality in mid and late life Sexually feeling decreases When does menopause typically take place 52 years old How do most women view this change Positively What is the most common symptom Hot flashes Do men go through a male menopause Yes testosterone decreases slowly What is osteoporosis Bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue Who bears the greatest risk Women What actions can be taken to lesson osteoporosis Proper nutrition exercise and avoidance of smoking When are adults likely to have fewer accidents and fewer colds Middle adulthood How does stress affect the immune system Stress negatively affects the immune system What is the main cause of death during middle age Cancer and heart disease What is hypertension Risk factor for cardiovascular and kidney diseases What is the difference between the terms Longevity Existence Life expectancy Numbers of year expected to live Life span Number of years lived Compare the theories of Biological Aging Genetic Programming Theories Programmed Senescence the idea that aging is genetically programmed to occur with time Endocrine as we age the endocrine system becomes less efficient and eventually leads to the effects of aging Immunological The idea that the immune system controls your aging Variable Wear and tear Belief our body takes damage and eventually wears out Free radical states that organisms age because cells accumulate free radical damage over time A free radical is any atom or molecule that has a single unpaired electron in an outer shell Rate of living postulates that the faster an organism s metabolism the shorter its lifespan postulates that the faster an organism s metabolism the shorter its lifespan Autoimmune Hormonal Stress Theory that aging occurs because antibodies develop attack and destroy the normal cells in the body What are the most typical physical changes in LATE adulthood Wrinkle and age spots Loss of height and weight slower movement In terms of hearing Loss of response to noise In terms of vision Loss of vision loss of color and depth perception How many chronic health conditions does the typical older adult have 2 3 chronic health conditions How many Rx s are typical 5 prescriptions What is the most common cause of death in older adulthood Cancer Cardiovascular and accidents What are the main benefits of exercise in older adulthood Prevention of common chronic diseases What are ADL s Activities of Daily Living COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT Define and contrast Fluid intelligence The ability to reason abstractly which steadily declines from middle adulthood on according to Horn Crystallized intelligence Accumulated information and verbal skills which increase in middle age according to Horn How do these types of intelligence change with age Crystallized intelligence goes up constantly and fluid will decrease slowly Describe Baltes Dual Process theory of Mechanics of Intelligence Neurophysiological hardware declines with age Pragmatics of Intelligence Culture based Software knowledge and skills wisdom Can continue to increase in later adulthood Working memory the part of short term memory that is concerned with immediate conscious perceptual and linguistic processing Episodic memory The retention of information about the where and when of life s happenings Procedural memory is a part of the long term memory that is responsible for knowing how to do things also known as motor skills riding a bike Semantic memory A person s knowledge about the world Expertise s general academic knowledge everyday learned knowledge What are typical changes in occur in Executive Functioning across middle and late adulthood Memory decreases declines in late adulthood What can be done to lessen age related losses Aerobic exercises improve to keep executive functioning stable What is Paul Baltes Selective Optimization with Compensation Using psychosocial resources to compensate for weakened mechanical abilities What is wisdom Experience expert knowledge and excellent judgment How is wisdom defined Experience of life What is dementia in general Neurological disorder it s a deterioration mental functioning What is Alzheimer s disease Progressive irreversible brain disorder Symptoms Deterioration of memory reasoning language and physical functioning Causes Plaques and tangles of neurons What is Parkinson s disease A chronic progressive disease Symptoms Muscle tremors slowed movement partial facial paralysis unstable posture Treatments Dopamine replacement therapy can slow progression in early stages Why is respite care needed for caregivers Services that provide temporary relief for caregiver SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT What stage of Erik Erikson describes Middle Adulthood Generativity vs Stagnation What are example of Generativity and Stagnation Generativity Guiding the next generation Stagnation self centered self indulgent self absorbed How typical is the Midlife Crisis Rare What is Gender Crossover Women more self confident and men more emotional What is Social Convoy Theory with example Close friends family members replied on for assistance trust fall What is the Socioemotional Selectivity Theory with example Human ability to monitor self in time What characterizes marriage in middle and late adulthood Satisfaction from needed emotional bond needed What are the benefits of marriage Longevity Social support easier to accumulate wealth better physical and mental health Describe Friendships in Middle adulthood Quality over quantity What is the empty nest youngest child leaves home How does this affect marriage Difficult for women What is the cluttered nest Child lives with parent Why is middle adulthood referred to as the Sandwich generation Must support aging parents and growing children In terms of dealing with aging parents What does the terms filial maturity


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