WVSU PSYC 151 - Outline 241 2016-2017 Socioemotional Development in Middle and Late adulthood (39 pages)

Previewing pages 1, 2, 3, 18, 19, 37, 38, 39 of 39 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

Outline 241 2016-2017 Socioemotional Development in Middle and Late adulthood



Previewing pages 1, 2, 3, 18, 19, 37, 38, 39 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

Outline 241 2016-2017 Socioemotional Development in Middle and Late adulthood

34 views


Pages:
39
School:
West Virginia State University
Course:
Psyc 151 - General Psychology
Unformatted text preview:

Social Emotional Development in Middle and Late Adulthood Erikson s Theory Generativity versus Stagnation Generativity Guiding the next generation Stagnation Self centered selfindulgent selfabsorbed Psychosocial development in late adulthood Erikson s Ego Integrity vs Despair Final stage of life span Ego integrity Having lived a life without regrets Feel whole complete satisfied with achievements Serenity and contentment Associated with psychosocial maturity Despair Feel many decisions What does Generativity look like Commitment to family community society Interpretation of life events Erikson s Theory Ego Integrity vs Despair Final stage of life span Do I have regrets or am I content with life choices The Midlife Crisis Stressful crisis of identity Triggered by Gender differences Do People Really Have Midlife Crises Occurrence is rare Role of ego resiliency Ability to adapt to stress Midlife is one of many transitions Theories of Social Contact Social Convoy Theory Close friends family members relied on for assistance Reciprocate with care support and concern Theories of Social Contact Socioemotional Selectivity Theory Social interaction has 3 main goals 1 Source of information 2 Helps develop a sense of self 3 Source of comfort or well being Life Span Motives for Social Contact Marriage and Cohabitation By age 40 59 95 of Americans married at least once Historical differences Marriage in Middle Adulthood Emotional bond more important in middle adulthood Satisfaction Divorce Benefits of Marriage Longevity Social support Easier to accumulate wealth Better physical and mental health Friendships in Midlife Size of Friendships networks Function of friendships Time Quality over quantity Conflicts The Empty Nest Youngest child leaves home Difficult for some women Most women find the transition liberating Empty Nest and arital satisfaction The Cluttered Nest Increasingly common Characteristics Aging Parents Contact and Mutual Help Quality of relationship with aging parents Filial Crisis Filial Maturity Strains of Caring for Parents Caregiving physical mental and financial burden Typical caregiver daughter or daughter inlaw Stressful Caregiver burnout Sandwich Generation Grandparenthood Who are grandparents Starts at 45 Has 6 grandchildren Sandwich generation Role of Grandparents Frequency of visits Grandmothers usually kinkeepers Nation s primary childcare providers educational of grandchildren Effects of Parenting by Default Unplanned surrogate parenting is draining Physically Emotionally Financially Theories of Socioemotional Development Disengagement Theory Activity Theory Continuity Theory Theories of Socioemotional Development Selective optimization with compensation theory Successful aging is linked with three main factors Selection Optimization Compensation 16 22 Career Development in Middle Adulthood Limits to advancement Midlife career changes Unemployment Retirement planning Age and Job Performance Productivity More Dependable Responsible Frugal Work Retirement A recent social phenomenon Compulsory retirement outlawed Deciding to retire Fully retire Only 25 Satisfaction in Retirement At first second honeymoon Continuous retirement associated with depression Gender differences Satisfaction Altruism and Volunteerism Older adults give more frequently than they take Volunteering has positive outcomes Increased life satisfaction decreased depression anxiety Long term Marriage Satisfaction increased Conflict resolution is key Married people are healthier Spousal caregiving Lifestyle Diversity Married older adults happier and live longer Divorced older adults social financial and physical repercussions weakens kinship ties Remarriage increasing but social stigma Cohabiting older adults 3 in 2010 Widowhood and Divorce Widowhood Divorce is rare Negatively effects men more than women Quality of Remarriages Friendship Close friends vs new friends Lead to contentment Important in predicting mental health Religion Health and Aging Possible effects of religiousness on health Religiousness in America 95 of Americans report a religious or spiritual affiliation 85 report attending services at least occasionally Age gender race and geographic differences 50 of adults in 80s attend services regularly Older AA adults life satisfaction and well being closely tied to religion Religion and Age in the United States Gallup Polls 2001 2002 100 What we measure matters 90 Percent 80 18 29 30 49 50 64 65 74 75 70 60 50 40 30 Belief in God Membership Importance Attendance Do people become more religious with age or is it a continuation of earlier behavior BIRTH COHORT 1900 09 1910 19 1920 29 1930 39 1940 49 1950 59 1960 ON AGE PRE1900 18 29 30 39 40 49 50 59 60 69 70 79 54 80 61 COHORT 59 TOTAL 53 57 55 46 46 52 52 56 49 39 44 48 50 46 37 40 45 45 43 27 36 37 40 29 34 38 28 32 36 33 29 New data suggest that there are BOTH increases in religiousness with age AND decreases across different generational cohorts Stereotyping of Older Adults Ageism prejudice against others because of their age Weakened stereotypes Policy Issues Culture These factors predict STATUS of older adults in a culture Valuable knowledge Control key family community resources Useful Increased responsibility and authority Active extended family Respect for older adults may be greater Successful Aging 1 Avoidance of disease or disability 2 Maintenance of physical cognitive function 3 Active engagement in social activities


View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Outline 241 2016-2017 Socioemotional Development in Middle and Late adulthood and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Outline 241 2016-2017 Socioemotional Development in Middle and Late adulthood and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?