WVSU PSYC 151 - Outline 241 2015-2016 Death, Dying, and Grieving (19 pages)

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Outline 241 2015-2016 Death, Dying, and Grieving



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Outline 241 2015-2016 Death, Dying, and Grieving

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Pages:
19
School:
West Virginia State University
Course:
Psyc 151 - General Psychology
Unformatted text preview:

DEATH DYING AND GRIEVING Chapter 17 Reminders and Announcements Exam 5 Optional make up exam Given same day during finals Finish exam 5 then open optional make up Must take exam on scheduled finals day Outline Defining death The event of death Developmental changes in conceptualizations of death Dealing with death Grief and bereavement Defining Death Recent changes more technology more complicated Brain death all electrical activity of the bran has ceased for some specified period of time Natural Death Act and Advance Directive Living will filed while competence is not in question Advance directive DNR All 50 states accept advance directives http www wvendoflife org Home Euthanasia Euthanasia painlessly ending lives of individuals who are suffering from an incurable disease or severe disability Two types active deliberately induced passive withhold treatment allow to die Care for Dying Individuals Respect for the goals preferences and choices of the patient and his or her family Hospice a program commited to making the end of life as free from pain anxiety and depression as possible Palliative care involves reducing pain and suffering and helping individuals die with dignity Generational changes 1800 s many children and young adults die 1900 most people died at home w family Currently most losses are among older adults 80 in hospitals Cultural Variations Role of war famine and plague Philosophical or religious beliefs about death In most societies beliefs about immortality of soul Dealing with Death K bler Ross Stages of Dying Five stages denial and isolation anger bargaining depression acceptance Evaluation of K bler Ross Research support none Limits of stages doesn t consider context Positive impact of K bler Ross called attention to the issues of quality Kastenbaum 2007 Coping with Death and Loss Best Practices Personal wishes about dying Plan funeral Reminisce can understand their physical sensations and medical procedures Banja 2005 Kalish 1981 Developmental Changes How children understand loss and experience grief changes with age Infant 0 2 years no understanding of death May experience separation anxiety Early Childhood 2 6 years temporary reversible May develop magical explanations blame themselves Need to speak in concrete terms about the experience Developmental Changes Middle Childhood 6 8 years final and irreversible but not universal Anger Late childhood 8 12 years develop adult understanding final irreversible universal Internalization need to be included in ceremonies rituals Developmental Changes Adolescence 12 18 years Able to think abstactly about death Interested in the existential meaning of death Intense emotions At all ages successful grieving is linked with having At least 1 significant adult present Safe and emotionally supportive environment Dimensions of Grieving Grief emotional numbness disbelief separation anxiety despair sadness and loneliness that accompany the loss of someone we love Many dimensions Pinning or yearning Separation anxiety Despair and sadness Hopelessness and defeat Dimensions of Grieving Prolonged Grief Enduring despair and is still unresolved over an extended period of time Disenfranchised grief Grief over a deceased person that is a socially ambiguous loss that can t be openly mourned or supported Forms of Mourning One decision is to decide what to do with the body Funeral services Burial cremation Most meaningful to religious survivors Family and community have important roles Making Sense of the World One beneficial aspect of grieving Unexpected death vs anticipated Stimulates many individuals to try to make sense of the world Intensifies struggle for meaning Bereaved want to put death in a perspective they can understand Divine intervention logical sequence of events Karma


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