WVSU PSYC 151 - 241 Unit 4 Soc & Emo in Early Adulthood - outline (27 pages)

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241 Unit 4 Soc & Emo in Early Adulthood - outline



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241 Unit 4 Soc & Emo in Early Adulthood - outline

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Pages:
27
School:
West Virginia State University
Course:
Psyc 151 - General Psychology
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Social Emotional Development in Early Adulthood Reminders and Announcements Homework 4 Exam 4 Experiential 3 Make sure you have 3 options by end of semester Virtual person paper Due BEFORE Thanksgiving break Outline Approaches to Social and emotional Development in Adulthood Relationships Adult Lifestyles Marriage Parenting and Divorce APPROACHES TO ADULT PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Trait Models Normative Stage Models Timing of Events Model Personality Development Trait Models Five Factors of Personality Conscientiousness Agreeableness Neuroticism Openess Extraversion CANOE Examples I often enjoy playing with theories or abstract ideas Openness If necessary I am willing to manipulate people to get what I want reverse Agreeableness I strive for excellence in everything I do Conscientiousness Evaluating Five Factor Model Research has found Gradual systematic change not continuity Neuroticism openness and extraversion are mostly stable Five factor model is based on Erikson s Theory Intimacy versus Isolation Intimacy Making a permanent commitment to intimate partner Decreased independence redefining identity Strong identity helps Affects friendships work Isolation Loneliness self absorption Hesitant to form close ties Fear of losing identity compete Reject differences Threatened by closeness Intimacy vs isolation erikson interview http www youtube com watch v vYb9 RDrYzQ Timing of Events Model Social Clock effects development Normative life events On time or off time The course of development depends on when events occur in people s lives Timing varies by gender culture cohort SES Social Clock Age graded expectations for life events Societal expectations more flexible now Following social clock lends confidence social stability Distress if not following or falling behind RELATIONSHIPS Friendships Marriage Divorce Remarriage and Cohabitation Friendship Friendship important throughout the human life span Talk and sharing is central Gender Women have more close friendships with more self disclosure and exchange of mutual support Gender and Communication Tannen distinguishes two ways of communications Rapport talk language of conversation establishes connections and negotiates relationships Report talk talk that is designed to give information includes public speaking Stability and Change from Childhood to Adulthood Adult s attachment Secure attachment style Positive views of relationships Avoidant attachment style Hesitant to get involved in romantic relationships Anxious attachment style Demand closeness less trusting and more emotional jealous and possessive Liking and loving Interpersonal attraction Sternberg s Triangular Theory of Love Proposes that love involves three major components Passion Feelings of physical attraction and sexual desire Intimacy Closeness sharing and valuing one s partner Commitment a decision to remain in the relationship Selecting a Mate Physical Most select partners who are Gender differences report more emphasis on report more emphasis on BUT more similar than different for both Trends in Marriage Marrying later Nearly 90 marry at least once fewer marriages staying single cohabiting not remarrying Legalization of same sex marriage So called Mixed marriages increasingly Adult Lifestyles Single Adults More adults are remaining single longer today Advantages Freedom To make own decisions Pursue own goals schedule Privacy Disadvantages Loneliness Trouble forming adult relationships Finding a niche in a marriage oriented society Cohabitation Cohabitation living together in a sexual relationship without being married Reasons for cohabiting Spending time together Share expenses Evaluate compatibility Disadvantages Disapproval of family Difficulty purchasing property Legal rights uncertain Increased rick of domestic violence The Benefits of a Good Marriage Happily married individuals Living longer healthier lives Feel less physically and emotionally stressed Marriage benefits video http www youtube com watch v bxVn XKwIY6w feature related Making Marriage Work Gottman found a number of main principles determining whether a marriage will work Establishing love maps Nurturing fondness and admiration Turning toward each other instead of away Letting your partner influence you Creating shared meaning http www youtube com watch v 1oB6zNcLIH0 The love lab http www youtube com watch v SqPvgDYmJnY feature relat ed Gottman s magic Ratio Repair Attempts http www youtube com watch feature endscreen v Xw9SE 315GtA NR 1 Trends in Having Children In United States fewer married couples have children 70 mothers carriers less social criticism Delay first child Smaller numbers of children average of Divorce Rates Stabilize since 1980s In U S about 45 About 10 higher for remarriages soon after first marriage First seven years midlife most common times young and adolescent children involved Divorced Adults Increases in divorce correlated with Youthful marriage Low educational level Low income Not having a religious affiliation Divorced parents Having a baby before marriage Alcoholism psychological problems domestic violence infidelity and inadequate division of household labor http www youtube com watch v FJDN3PKZ1KE Remarriage and Stepparenthood One third of U S marriages are remarriages One fourth of stepfamilies are formed by cohabitation Many families adjust and create


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