UMass Amherst NUTRITN 130 - BMR (3 pages)

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We discussed factors that affects BMR.

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Nutritn 130 - Nutrition for a Healthy Lifestyle
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Nutrition 130 1st Edition Lecture 28 Learning Objective Be able to identify the factors that contribute to BMR and how to modify them Understand the factors that contributes to weight gain and obesity Be able to calculate weight loss for specific calorie deficits Be able to identify the components of mindless and mindful intuitive eating What else does our body use its energy for BMR how much energy your body uses while it s at rest o 60 75 Exercise o 15 35 Digestion o 5 Factors affecting Basal Metabolic Factors that increase o Higher lean body mass o Greater height more surface area o Younger age o Elevated levels of thyroid hormone o Stress o Male gender o Pregnancy and lactation Factors that decrease These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute o Lower lean body mass o Lower height o Older age o Depressed levels of thyroid hormone o Starvation of fasting o Female gender Bolded words are what you can change in your life Exam review What is the maximum recommended waist circumference o 35 A higher incidence of heart disease high blood pressure stroke and diabetes is associated with o Visceral fat What is the largest component of energy expenditure o Basal Metabolic Rate What if the following factors influences BMR o Age o Lean body mass o Inadequate calorie intake Causes of Obesity Increase in US Per Capita Kcal Intake Average intake in US has gone up by approximate 300 500 Kcal day Snacking o Men 31 of Kcal from snacks 923 Kcal from empty Kcal foods Not nutrient dense o Women 32 of daily Kcal from snacks 624 Kcal from empty Kcal Not nutrient dense Food Environment o Government Whole vs Refined Grains Refined grains 2x calories to digest You need to put in more work in digestion

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