UMass Amherst NUTRITN 130 - Phytochemicals (2 pages)

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Phytochemicals



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Phytochemicals

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We discussed phytochemcials and the foods they're in, what the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act is and the difference between a health claim and structure function.


Lecture number:
23
Pages:
2
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Nutritn 130 - Nutrition for a Healthy Lifestyle
Edition:
1
Documents in this Packet

Unformatted text preview:

Nutrition 130 1st Edition Learning Objectives Define phytochemicals and describe how they can affect health Identify foods that are in then What is the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act and how it impacts consumers The difference between a health claim and a structure function Phytochemicals Chemical compounds that occur naturally in plants Are responsible for color and organoleptic properties Have biological significance Not established as essential nutrients Health functions Antioxidants Reduce inflammation Enhance detoxifying enzymes Slow cancer tumor cell growth Enhance the immune system May effect microbiome Lower blood cholesterol Phytochemicals consist of 3 types Flavonoids o Berries tea olives soybeans chocolate red wines Carotenoids o Food sources Red orange and deep green fruits and vegetables Phytoestrogens These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute o Soybeans and soy products Phytochemicals From nature Don t always see same benefits when phytochemicals investigated independently From manufacturer isn t as good The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act 94 DSHEA Classifies supplements of vitamins minerals amino acids herbal remedies as food Prevents the US FDA from regulating supplements as additives or drugs FDA must prove the food supplements is unsafe before it can be pulled from the shelf Dietary supplements can be sold without FDA approval Labels Structure Function Claim Disclaimer This statement has not been evaluated by the FDA This produce is not intended to diagnose treat cure or prevent any disease Health Claim vs Structure Function Health Claim includes health references to disease or health condition as well as nutrient Structure function makes references to possible properties in foods no reference to actual disease or health condition



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