Berkeley HISTORY 2 - Lecture 11 - China Chronology (7 pages)

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Lecture 11 - China Chronology



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Lecture 11 - China Chronology

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Pages:
7
School:
University of California, Berkeley
Course:
History 2 - Comparative World History

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Lecture 11 China from Confucius to Empire Chronology Chronology 1046 221 BCE 722 476 BCE 476 221 BCE 6th 3rd centuries BCE 221 206 BCE 206 BCE 220 CE Zhou Dynasty Spring and Autumn Period Warring States Period Hundred Schools of Thought Qin Dynasty Han Dynasty Lecture Questions What was the relationship between the Warring States period and the emergence of the Hundred Schools of Philosophy What are the core concepts behind Confucianism Daoism and Legalism How did the early Chinese empires Qin and Han utilize or not utilize theses philosophies The Rise of the Zhou Dynasty 1046 221 BCE Zhou origins Chinese speakers seen as cousins King Wu and the Mandate of Heaven established capital at Haojing stories with him and the mandate replicate the same idea last of the kings of Shang not a virtuous king or rule Duke of Zhou capital Luoyang Western Zhou 1045 771 BCE soft state don t look all that di erent from the Shang dynasty Eastern Zhou 770 256 BCE Sunzi Sun tzu 5th c BCE and the Art of War warfare is the greatest a air of the state the basis of life and death the Way to survivial or etinction It is a subject that cannot be ignored All warfare is based on deception philosophies of war Advanced Warfare introduction of cavalry recall chariot reason since warfare in di erent types of terrains mountains swamp and wetlands peasant conscription vs early aristocratic warfare conscription peasant is forced to join the army state of warfare is increased since the size of the army is bigger than before city walls and siege warfare walls are higher and thicker catapults brillistas giant cross bows great walls boundaries walls being built along the northern frontier and in between the states keeping out the northern barbarians from the Chinese perspectives mongolians Hundred Schools of Thought conflict and ideas other examples massive intellectual movement demonstrate the complexity and diversity of ideas shared during this period dealing with the problems of intense conflict between the states similar to Greek world Confucius 551 479 BCE Kong Fuzi Master Kong come from the lower classes stable boy demonstrated intensity of thinking about the political systems and human relationship and interaction political model Duke of Zhou early Zhou figure great administrator trainer and advisor to his nephew willing to hand over power to his nephew political and teaching career serve as an advisor to the young prince but moved on after that associated with the search for a prince that had the potential to live up to the expectations of idea not successful so he built a school for a price students circulate the stories that have writings tributes to him The Teachings of Confucius Analects conservative outlook from the reading conservative outlook looking to the past for idea rule Duke of Zhou believed in the older aristocratic view virtue doesn t show self interest filial piety self less leader respect for one s elders and parents and political superiority



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