Berkeley HISTORY 2 - Lecture 12 - The Rise of Christianity (5 pages)

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Lecture 12 - The Rise of Christianity



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Lecture 12 - The Rise of Christianity

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Pages:
5
School:
University of California, Berkeley
Course:
History 2 - Comparative World History
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Lecture 12 The Rise of Christianity and the Fall of the Roman West Chronology 4 BCE 30 CE 303 313 CE 313 CE 378 CE 384 CE 410 CE 451 453 CE 455 CE 476 CE Life of Jesus Christ The Great Persecution Edict of Milan Battle of Adrianople Christianity becomes o cial religion of empire Visigoths sack Rome Huns invade France and Italy Vandals sack Rome Traditional fall date of Roman West Lecture Questions Why did the Roman Empire persecute Christians How did the Roman Empire s adoption of Christianity change the religion What were some of the factors that led to the fall of the Roman West Judea from the Babylonian Captivity to Roman Province neo babylonian sack of Jerusalem babylonian captivity cyrus I of persia messiah revolt of the maccabees 167 160 BCE and religious toleration 140 BCE Maccadbees establish Hasmonian dynasty independent from Seleucids 129 BCE 63 BCE becomes client state of Rome via Pompey s conquest of Seleucid Kingdom 37 BCE Herodian dynasty established still a client state 6 CE Judea becomes a Roman province Roman Judea in the time of Jesus Christ Roman provincial governor Jewish client kings Herodian Jewish religious sects Sadducees Pharisees Zealots Essenes continuing concept of messiah Jesus of Nazareth sources Gospels Roman authors pacifist Christ anointed Hebrew Messiah the Sanhedrin Pontius Pilatus Prefect of Judea 26 36 CE Romans and the cross The Spread of Christianity Apostle one who is sent out Simon Peter d ca 64 CE Paul Saul of Tarsu d ca 64 CE Beliefs monotheistic divinity of jesus messiah potential for positive negative afterlife belief in hebrew bible old testament eschatology second coming and the kingdom of god Values and Practices pacifism and nonviolnece egalitarianism brotherhood sisterhood communism shared property house churches meeting in most of their houses houses are not connected to other houses di erent beliefs since there is no over arching hierarchies agape meals eating together using the model of the last supper spirit of christ met when eating bread and wine sacraments baptism Roman Suspicions and Critiques antisocial behavior atheism obstinacy pertinacia cannibalism incest brother sister Religion and the Roman State princeps pontifex maximus chief priest of the empire pax deorum emperor seeing over correct worship peace of the gods religious worship is conducted properly roman gods olympic gods will support the empire since it is going correctly in terms of religious worship imperial cult worship of the emperor as either someone divine in lifetime or someone who becomes divine after death Early Persecution and Martyrdom Nero and the Christians 64 CE beginning of the first persecution of war cause great fire in Rome Nero himself started the fire from many sources Nero was trying to build a new palace set fire in poor district in Rome and blame it on the Christians Jewish Revolt 66 70 CE and Parting of the Ways Local Persecutions Bithynia 112 CE Lyon 177 CE Carthage 180 CE one in modern souther france and north africa continuity Christianity and the Imperial Cult in Third Century Crisis where imperial persecutions started emperors declared out of the frontiers many unrest in the roman empire emperors try to put rome back on its right footing reestablish on the original roman tradition try to make people show loyalty as emperors need all the support they can get Matyr witness Christians are placed in the area roman authorities allow animals attack them killed by gladiators become a recruiting tool for the christians successful recruitment seemed that people are okay being labeled that they are gonna get killed the reason is that they envision that they are gonna go to heaven anyways new genre developed in religion reasons for christian success 2nd and 3rd centuries very open to non elites which is to the poor oppressed women and slaves o ers an opportunity and community that welcomes them can t forget the positive afterlife available to christians people recognize benefits if you are a poor person Christian o ers medical assistance to people that needed food and health and other forms of help Diocletian and the Great Persecution 303 313 CE Diocletian the Problem0solver the Dominate tetrarchy price edict reestablishing Roman religious conformity state power the immortal gods themsleves will favor and be at peace with the Roman name if we have seen to it that all subject to our rule entirely lead a pious religious peaceable and chaste life in every respect edict from damascus persecuted elite senators bishops Constantine the Christian Emperor 306 337 CE goal to have successful successions of emperor dispute for the throne Battle of Melvin Bridge Edict of Milan 313 CE legalizes christinanity basically turns back the clock on the great persuction said whatever christians had before get back property and open church Constantinople and a united empire united the east and west new east capital constatinpoe The Empire and Orthodoxy diversity of early Christian belief council of Nicaea 325 CE argue about the trinity precedent and later councils orthodoxy right belief heresy choice Theodosius I Julian the Apostate r 361 363 CE was an emperor last non christian emperor of the Roman east fashioned himself as a philosopher try polytheistic religions died the assassinate Persians last e ort of traditional Roman practices Theodosian Edicts 380 and 392 CE makes it Christian as the o cial religion of the empire persecute of polytheistic traditions of the Roman katholikos Catholic pagani pagans The Germanic Migrations Invasions goals foederati allies the Battle of Adrianople 378 CE Alaric and Stilicho Visigothic sack of Rome 410 CE


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