Berkeley HISTORY 2 - Lecture 10 - The Roman Empire (8 pages)

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Lecture 10 - The Roman Empire



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Lecture 10 The Roman Empire Chronology 27 BCE 68 CE 69 96 BCE 96 192 CE 193 235 CE 235 284 CE 284 305 CE Julio Claudian Dynasty Flavian Dynasty The Good Emperors and Commodus The Several Dynasty Third Century Crisis Reign of Diocletian establishment of Tetrarchy Lecture Questions In what ways did Augustus utilize Republican traditions to establish the Principate Whatdo the Roman frontiers tell us concerning traditional Roman practices and viewpoints as well as cultural borrowing on the part of both Romans and others What was the Third Century Crisis and what changes did it bring about in the Roman political structure Roman Republic Overview From Punic Wars to the Death of Marc Antony punic wars 264 146 BCE Rome vs Phecians 1st Rome and Carthage fought over Sicily 2nd violation of peace treaty in Iberia modern Spain conflict of Hannibal cross into the pennisula fighting the romans romans sent an army in north africa to force Hannibal retreat to Carthage last fall of Carthage to Rome 146 BCE significant date Iberian Peninsula and Greece fall under Roman empire result of empire cultural borrowing from Greeks as part of Romans role of wars generating the landless class from the soldiers fighting so long that their land is taken up by rich land owners for plantations economic problem homeless soldiers can t play in the Roman economy use landless poors in the advantage of the revolt rise of the strong men Marius and Sula and Caesar and Pompey using many respects of socioeconomic problems to their advantage the civil wars Octavian defeating mark Antony Donations of Alexandria land grants to his children from Antony to Celopatra which enraged the Octavians Octavian and the Principate 30 BCE 284 BCE from Octavian to Augustus illustrious one republic titles for an undercover emperor try to hide his powerful title Princeps Senatus First Man of the Senate can put forward his own legistration and agenda for the day bring up his own suggestions Princeps Civitatis First Citizen show some humility Tribune for life Plebian o ce veto power Augustus knew he can t take kingship because the Romans have aversion toward the idea can t be a dictator took Tribune so he can have the power to veto others when people are trying to overturn his decisions and rulings and run over the Senate territories armies military colonies and bread divided the Roman provinces between him and the Senates chooses himself the provinces that are the recently conquered Senates get the more established that last longer did this because there would be Roman armies in the newer provinces due to the need of military control concern with the size of the army based on the civil war nervous of the size of the army broke up the army somewhat does it to establish a roman footprint throughout the provinces taken soldiers from the frontiers settling them in lands between the established part of the Roman part Romanizations of culture and politics take control



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