Berkeley HISTORY 2 - Lecture 7 - Greek City States (6 pages)

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Lecture 7 - Greek City States



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Lecture 7 - Greek City States

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Pages:
6
School:
University of California, Berkeley
Course:
History 2 - Comparative World History

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Lecture 7 Greek City States Chronology 1150 800 BCE 800 500 BCE 500 323 BCE 490 BCE 480 479 BCE Greek Dark Age Archaic Period Classical Period First Persian Invasion Battle of Marathon Lecture Questions How did the Achaemenid Persian invasions shape the history of Classical Greece What historical realities gave shape to the di erences in Sparta and Athens What role did political ideology play in the The Peloponnesian War as Ancient Cold War An Ideological Conflict proto communistic society that is similar to the Soviet Union ancient democracy di erent to our representative democracy The Rise of the Polis in the Archaic Period 800 500 BCE Greece came out of it poorly reduction in population lost of writing loss of international trade massive decrease in trade emerging from the dark age and greek colonization increase in agriculture and new form of writing Polis Greek city state southern half of the Greek city states is dominated by this structure law codes and consistutions numerous law codes will to use their own which is important to their identity example Law Code of Dreros prevent anyone from establishing power two distinctive rules oligarchy rule by the elites Tyranny single person rule often with support from commoners ruled by a tyrant patron gods and civic heroes someone who live in a distant past that are important to their identity A Greek Common Cause shared language religious pantheon important di erent dialects regional groups due to the dialects and variations of the language each city state has a separate patron god still worship the same pantheon god frequent seasonal fighting between city states but don t see all that much in the possession of territories only one example that a Greece city is destroyed by another Greece city symbolic warfare pan hellenic religious festivals and games Olympics religious festivals multiple games in the Greek world can t fight each other and participate in the game temporary truce regional identities Sparta and Athens Not So Di erent at the Start 800 BCE didn t look all that di erent Sparta still have artistic developments musical competitions trade out of the city not common in classical Sparta The Spartan Conquests Dorian Spartans Spartans are outsiders that came from the north Territorial conquest Messenian Wars 8th 7th c BCE Spartans have power over the Messenians two wars slave population outnumbered the Spartans revolt Helots Spartan slaves former Messenians maintained for the agricultural purposes Lycurgus and the Spartan Great Rhetra viewed as a Spartan sage with the law maker political constitution The Spartan System A Military System mixed constitution dual monarchy two kings Gerousia council of elders 60 years or older Spartiate Assembly smaller Ephors governors regulate the actions of the Spartan king religious components are upheld Agoge military education system for Spartiate boys had to be Spartan citizens to participate in this education boys around age of 7 taken from parents



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