Berkeley HISTORY 2 - Lecture 9 - The Roman Monarchy and Republic (9 pages)

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Lecture 9 - The Roman Monarchy and Republic



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Lecture 9 - The Roman Monarchy and Republic

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Pages:
9
School:
University of California, Berkeley
Course:
History 2 - Comparative World History

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Lecture 9 The Monarchy and Republic Lecture Chronology 753 509 BCE Roman Monarchy 509 27 BCE Roman Republic 264 146 BCE Punic Wars 133 122 BCE Agrarian reforms of the Gracchi 88 87 BCE Civil War between Marius and Sulla 60 53 BCE First Triumvirate 44 BCE Julius Caesar assassinated 43 33 BCE Second Triumvirate 31 BCE Battle of Actium Lecture Questions What factors played a role in Roman expansion How did Roman expansion lead to further problems during the late Republic What role did strong men play in the problems of the late Republic The Mediterranean World ca 750 BCE Rome s early village was established Greek city states expanded by the 8th century North Africa Sicily Greek Peninsula competing the land against the Phinesians Carthage Pinesian colony note that Rome is between Etruria and Naples access with the coast with the Tigris river Roman Origins A Diverse People Aeneas Virgil s Aeneid 1st BCE figure of the Trojan War 12th century BCE Rome emerged after this ancestor of the Roman kings Romulus and Remus Livy s Roman History 1st c BCE twins story of finding the city under threat of a medieval king set out infants to die saved by she wolf who nurtured them to adulthood once grown up they found the Rome city Romulus killed Remus Rome have no problem saying that they are immigrants or outsiders abduction of the Sabine women Roman men goes to the Sabine tribe steal the women from the Sabine women accept the fact that they are abducted that they are the first Roman wives shows the mixing of outsiders from Rome Historical Rome trace huts from the hills Aventine Hill Capitoline Hill Caelian Hill Esquiline Hill Palatine Hill Quirinal Hill Viminal Hill access to the Tiberis River fertile plains had potential for agriculture but not seen as a major city Important Neighbors Magna Gracie Great Greece what Romans borrowed religion political systems and citizenship literature later etc Etruscans far more advanced than the Romans what Romans borrowed urban panning divination animal fasces bundle of Reeds with an axe tied against it carried around by the Roman kings symbols kings ability to take a life capital punishment unity of many people and things borrowed during the modern times of Mussolini writing borrowed from the Greeks not deciphered yet proto gladiatorial fighting funerals of slaves fighting each other etc outsiders either from Greece or western Anatolia Roman Kingdom 753 509 BCE 7 kings first 3 were Etruscan military judicial legislative authority chief priest pontifex maximus infrastructure and institutions major sewage system drain swamp regions of the hills of Rome Cloaca Maxima Circus Maximus track for chariot racing built city walls religious rights for the cities games census ability to organize Roman Values patria potestas power of the father father is the head legal power over the wife and children power over life and death over wife and children can legally kill them for various o enses mos maioria ancestral custom valued certain



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