Berkeley HISTORY 2 - Lecture 8 - The Hellenistic World and Its Asian Frontier (7 pages)

Previewing pages 1, 2 of 7 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

Lecture 8 - The Hellenistic World and Its Asian Frontier



Previewing pages 1, 2 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

Lecture 8 - The Hellenistic World and Its Asian Frontier

22 views


Pages:
7
School:
University of California, Berkeley
Course:
History 2 - Comparative World History

Unformatted text preview:

Lecture 8 The Hellenistic World and Its Asian Frontier Chronology 359 336 BCE 338 BCE 336 323 BCE 322 185 BCE 323 30 BCE Reign of Philip II of Macedon Battle of Chaeronea Reign of Alexander III of Macedon Mauryan Dynasty India Hellenistic Era Lecture Questions How did intellectuals inspire Alexander s and Philip s decisions concerning Achaemenid Persia both before and during the campaign How did Greeks and Macedonians utilize native traditions where political religious or cultural The Peloponnesian War Review Sparta captured Athens The Intellectual Response to Athens Failure the rash decisions of Athenian popular democracy not a representative democracy make decisions based on demigod or leader based on their own ambitions persuade the crowd in important decisions assemblies but general commanders and leaders to death due to war failure The Trial of Socrates 399 BCE celebrated as one of the famous soldiers in the battles problematic few friends that support oligarchy sway over the young elites in Athens reputation for annoying elite established men in Athens asking questions to philosophy to annoy them put up on trial and guilty for corrupting the youth death of socrates by drinking poison see anger toward popular democracy in Athens Plato s Allegory of the Cave search for ideal ruler and state not democracy that you find writing about the ideal state ideas toward kings and leaders search for model rulers of the past Cyrus I of Persia Hercules actually an old king in the Trojan War era others presenting an ideal toward the Greek world Looking East Towards Persia continuing Persian intervention Spartans maintain control over the empire eventually gave up the power Xenophon and the 10 000 in Cyrus the Younger s revolt 401 BCE rebels against his older brother Persians have respect for military skill set leads army to Persian empire fights battle at Cuxnasa Cyrus is killed during the battle military stuck in south of Babylon escape up to the Black Sea into the Greek world being chased by Persian army woke up to the Greeks that they could beat Persia Isocrates Letters mid 4th c BCE and appeals writing to influential generals tyrants and leaders argument for unification rather than fighting never able to build a united campaign util the mid 4th century Philip II and the Rise of Macedon Macedonia and the Greeks did speak dialect of Greek but di erent from city states known way too much alcohol and partying too much had a monarchy or kingdom major di erence kings claimed that they are from Peloponnese The Regent took throne around 360 BCE third son of his father Philip took power away from his nephew and got successful in the Macedonian kingdom marriages and alliances practiced poligamy married tribes and chiefdoms to establish a large scale kingdom The Macedonian Army Sarissa long spear of Macedonian phalanx 18 foot long spear not successful immobile with the spear companion cavalry made up of royals and elites and kings and family hammer and anvil



View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Lecture 8 - The Hellenistic World and Its Asian Frontier and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Lecture 8 - The Hellenistic World and Its Asian Frontier and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?