Berkeley HISTORY 2 - Lecture 6 - The Age of Empires in Near East (7 pages)

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Lecture 6 - The Age of Empires in Near East



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Lecture 6 - The Age of Empires in Near East

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Pages:
7
School:
University of California, Berkeley
Course:
History 2 - Comparative World History

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Lecture 6 The Age of Empires in the Near East From the Assyrians to the Achaemenid Persians Chronology 1350 612 BCE 612 539 BCE 586 539 BCE 539 330 BCE Neo Assyrian Empire Neo Babylonian Empire Babylonian Captivity of the Jews Achaemenid Persian Empire Exam 1 lecture 1 5 reading 1 4 Lecture Questions What methods did these empires employ to establish and maintain power over nonnative subjects What role did religion play in imperial ideology and royal legitimization How did the Near Eastern empires impact the early history of the Hebrew Israelite people First International System vs Near Eastern Age of Empires Assyrians Neo Babylonians Achaemenid Persians first international system next level complexity in terms of political and economic interaction based upon existence of multiple states of relatively equal power ended by late bronze age crisis creating power vacuum in Easter Mediterranean near eastern age of empires next level complexity in terms of maintaining control over subject peoples communication networks governing structures professional armies origins in power vacuum created by late bronze age crisis heavy borrowing from earlier Mesopotamian traditions such as imperial trade The Shah of Iran at Persepolis 1971 25000 year celebration invited presidents prime ministers and kings and queens all over the world to celebrate this had banquet lasted for 5 and half hours focused in ancient document Cryrus cylinder recognized of ancient declaration of human rights respect all traditions and customs and never let down of nation abolish slavery and prohibit exchange of humans penalize the oppressors freedom of religion choose any job that doesn t violate any rights The Late Bronze Age Crisis and The Rise of Assyria not new comers from new age crisis early history inhibited in the northern tigris region bronze age regional conflict successful defense of borders fit into the first international system successful in fighting against invaders fought of Phrygians Who Are the Assyrians semitic speaking group had their own cuneiform war god ashur relationship with the kings like other traditions warrior society culture of warfare have law codes from the Assyrians interest in not allowing women to have legal rights women forced to wear veils harsh penalty to homosexuality and abortion try to maintain a large military from regional kingdom to imperial power around 1100 BCE see more into the 9th century The Assyrian War Machine professional standing army very famous since they are depicted on walls iron used it for weaponery everyone has iron weapons not native to Mesopotamian Assyrians begin pushing out to other nations to acquire iron first army to use cavalry and mounted archers there is no sattle and go on bareback LMAO siege warfare group of individuals supposed to dig up city walls so the walls can collapse to break down borders siege towers to get up to the city walls terror and submission basically used terror tactics when a city is rebels looted



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