Berkeley HISTORY 2 - Lecture 5 - The First International System (7 pages)

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Lecture 5 - The First International System



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Lecture 5 - The First International System

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Pages:
7
School:
University of California, Berkeley
Course:
History 2 - Comparative World History

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Lecture 5 The First International System Chronology 2000 BCE 1550 1069 BCE 1900 1400 BCE 1600 1178 BCE Indo Europeans arrive in Anatolia modern Turkey and Greece Egyptian New Kingdom Minoan Palatial Periods Crete Hittite Era Lecture Questions What made the First International System di erent from earlier periods of interaction between civiliziations Do the Iliad and the Hebrew Bible Christian Old Testament and Jewish Tanakh fit into the general historical picture of this period What role The Eastern Mediterranean Mid 2nd Millennium BCE interaction advanced and frequent trade routes diplomacy between the kings of the civilizations Egypt advancing their borders in their new kingdom reached lower cataract of the Nile increasingly frequent contact with the Hittite Kingdom Indo European Greeks New Kingdom Egypt The Ramesside Period 1292 1069 BCE 19th and 20th dynasties multiple pharaohs with name Ramesses Ramesses II r 1279 1213 BCE most successful fought battle of the Kadesh pushed further north and south of the borders fatherly productivity wound up over 100 children have various claims to the throne monumental architectural buildings Abu Simbel later problems increasing power struggle with the priesthood invasion of foreign people environmental problems flood failed them famine towards the end of the kingdom The Hittites ca 1650 1200 Indo Europeans in Anatolia there are other groups in Anatolia modern Turkey most successful due to chariots and ironed weapons Chariots iron weapons reasons why this group have military advantage to everyone they fight against Old Kingdom and Middle Kingdom 1650 1380 dynastic problems prevented them from expanding their borders New Kingdom Empire ca 1380 1200 greatest successful against the Egyptians unified Hittite kingdom Hittite Writing Religion and Kingship borrowed Hittite cuneiform script from Mesopotamia Indo European Religion have gods that controlled over the world di erentiation of generations of gods Hittite Kingship and Religion May the Tabarna the king the borders of Hattusa kings have close connection with the religion king is managing the land in the protection of the gods The Minoan Palatial Periods 1900 1450 BCE Minos Island Empire Minos might be a king but not know for sure Origins don t know much start running DNA tests 3 years ago they are from European arrived on 5000 BC palatial centers Palace at Knossos very sizable up to 1500 people had primiative plumbing palaces are linked together Traders of the Aegean palaces linked for trading centers trade with Egypt and Lebanon Minoan Writing Politics and Religion Cretan Hieroglyphic and Linear A similar situation in Egypt have decipher any of them Political Rule Redistributive economy workships happening in the palaces international traders producing goods at the palaces naturalistic religion Snake Goddess Priestess female in charge of religion issue of bull leaping Minoan Bull leaping fresco don t know the meaning of the writing Another Indo European



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