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UGA KINS 2010 - Optimal Body Composition

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Optimal Body Composition LectureOne Key to Successful AgingCenter for Physical Activity and HealthInterdisciplinary Translational ResearchSustainable Outreach ProgramsEducational Practicums InternshipsResearch Agenda: Body Composition and Metabolism Lab:Fitness v. Fatness Health StatusBone Dependent and Independent Fx RiskTranslatable Sustainable Interventions- Does it work in the real world?How long do you want to live?Aging in America will increase as the years go onObesity is also gaining momentum in AmericaThe Perfect Storm:Obesity Epidemic + Aging in Society = Physical DisabilityThere are more men with these types of physical disabilityTypes of deficiencies, all of these equal a physical disability:Bone- osteoporosisFat- obesityLean- sarcopeniaOsteoporosisPrevalence: 10M+ adults, 1 in 2 females and 1 in 4 males over 50 will have OP related fracture in their lifetimeHealth care costs $18 b / yearHip Fx = often results in deathRisk factors:Previous fractures over 50Family historyLow BMI/small frameFemaleWhite or AsianSmokingPoor nutritionHormonal deficiencies2 Critical Bone Health Strategies:deposit in the “bone bank” early in lifeminimize withdrawals from “bone bank” post peak bone massInteractions in (Older Adults)weight loss reduces fat, lean, and bone massWeight and Bone Status:Weight = GoodOverload and strainImpact protectionFat and estrogen metabolismWeight loss = BadDegree of bone loss depends on:Hormonal statusRate of lossCalcium and Vitamin DExercise RegimenLow body weight is a risk factor for osteoporosisKINS 2010 1st Edition Lecture 21Outline of Last Lecture I. Use of musclesII. Joint Angles and Muscular Forcea. Force vs. Torque III. Force-velocity RelationshipIV. Exercise Physiologya. Definitionb. GoalsV. Skeletal Musclesa. Terminology b. Important Pointsc. Muscle fiber typesOutline of Current Lecture I. Research AgendaII. How long do you want to live?III. OsteoporosisIV. Interactions in Older AdultsCurrent Lecture Optimal Body Composition Lecture One Key to Successful Aging Center for Physical Activity and Health- Interdisciplinary Translational Research- Sustainable Outreach Programs- Educational Practicums Internships Research Agenda: Body Composition and Metabolism Lab:- Fitness v. Fatness Health Status- Bone Dependent and Independent Fx Risk- Translatable Sustainable Interventions- Does it work in the real world?These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute. How long do you want to live?- Aging in America will increase as the years go on- Obesity is also gaining momentum in America- The Perfect Storm:o Obesity Epidemic + Aging in Society = Physical Disabilityo There are more men with these types of physical disabilityo Types of deficiencies, all of these equal a physical disability: Bone- osteoporosis Fat- obesity Lean- sarcopenia- Osteoporosiso Prevalence: 10M+ adults, 1 in 2 females and 1 in 4 males over 50 will have OPrelated fracture in their lifetimeo Health care costs $18 b / yearo Hip Fx = often results in deatho Risk factors: Previous fractures over 50 Family history Low BMI/small frame Female  White or Asian Smoking Poor nutrition Hormonal deficiencieso 2 Critical Bone Health Strategies: deposit in the “bone bank” early in life minimize withdrawals from “bone bank” post peak bone mass Interactions in (Older Adults)- weight loss reduces fat, lean, and bone mass- Weight and Bone Status:o Weight = Good Overload and strain Impact protection Fat and estrogen metabolismo Weight loss = Bad Degree of bone loss depends on: Hormonal status Rate of loss Calcium and Vitamin D Exercise Regimeno Low body weight is a risk factor for


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