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UGA KINS 2010 - Philosophy of Physical Activity

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Goals of Philosophy of Physical Activity in kinesiology1. To understand the nature and value of health and physical activity, particularly in the form of exercise, sport, games, play, and dance2. To understand how confident we can be about our claims in kinesiology3. To understand the most important values of physical activity and its contribution to QOL (Quality of Life)4. To learn how we ought to behave in sport and in our professional lives as kinesiologistsReflectionTools of the trade:LogicSpeculationImaginationThinkingPhilosophic methods typically do not include the gathering of data from controlled experiments, but the results can still be valid and reliableResearch MethodsInductive Reasoning- begins with specific cases to develop broad, general principles.Deductive Reasoning- begins with broad factual or hypothetical premises in order to determine more specific conclusions that follow from them.You must have agreed upon and true premisesDescriptive Reasoning- begins with one example of some phenomenon and describes its essential qualities. Then varies different aspects of the phenomenon.Example of Deductive Reasoning:Major premise: Sport requires the use of physical skills to solve its game problemsMinor premise: Texas Hold’em does not require physical skills to win handsTherefore: Not a SportPhilosophic Claims about Values in Physical Activity1. Personal Opinion- “Football is the best sport ever!”2. Speculation- “Michael Jordan was a better player than LeBron James”There’s not necessarily a way to prove but can plausibly be figured out3. Probable assertion- “Cross country skiers have the best aerobic fitness.”Data can be drawn from this but not 100%4. Truth assertion- “Walking burns more calories than sitting.”TestableSportsGames in which motor skills are testedHave rules which specify a goal to be achieved and limit the ways participants can reach goalRules make the game possibleCan be competitive or non-competitiveSignificance of SkillsThe rulebook of each sport indicates the set of motor skills that the game is designed to testA set of motor skills provides each sport with idiosyncratic characteristics that make it uniqueMotor skills represent the standards of excellence by which players evaluate their performanceKINS 2010 1st Edition Lecture 8 Outline of Last Lecture I. Exam 1 ReviewOutline of Current LectureI. Goals of Philosophy of Physical Activity in KinesiologyII. Reflectiona. Tools of the tradeb. Philosophic methodsIII. Research methodsIV. Philosophic Claims about Values in Physical ActivityV. Sportsa. Definitionb. ComponentsVI. Significance of SkillsCurrent LectureGoals of Philosophy of Physical Activity in kinesiology1. To understand the nature and value of health and physical activity, particularly in the form of exercise, sport, games, play, and dance2. To understand how confident we can be about our claims in kinesiology 3. To understand the most important values of physical activity and its contribution to QOL (Quality of Life)4. To learn how we ought to behave in sport and in our professional lives as kinesiologists Reflection- Tools of the trade:These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.o Logico Speculationo Imaginationo Thinking- Philosophic methods typically do not include the gathering of data from controlled experiments, but the results can still be valid and reliable  Research Methods- Inductive Reasoning- begins with specific cases to develop broad, general principles.- Deductive Reasoning- begins with broad factual or hypothetical premises in order to determine more specific conclusions that follow from them.o You must have agreed upon and true premises- Descriptive Reasoning- begins with one example of some phenomenon and describes its essential qualities. Then varies different aspects of the phenomenon.- Example of Deductive Reasoning:o Major premise: Sport requires the use of physical skills to solve its game problemso Minor premise: Texas Hold’em does not require physical skills to win handso Therefore: Not a Sport Philosophic Claims about Values in Physical Activity1. Personal Opinion- “Football is the best sport ever!”2. Speculation- “Michael Jordan was a better player than LeBron James”o There’s not necessarily a way to prove but can plausibly be figured out3. Probable assertion- “Cross country skiers have the best aerobic fitness.”o Data can be drawn from this but not 100%4. Truth assertion- “Walking burns more calories than sitting.”o Testable Sports- Games in which motor skills are tested- Have rules which specify a goal to be achieved and limit the ways participants can reach goal- Rules make the game possible- Can be competitive or non-competitive  Significance of Skills- The rulebook of each sport indicates the set of motor skills that the game is designedto test- A set of motor skills provides each sport with idiosyncratic characteristics that make it unique- Motor skills represent the standards of excellence by which players evaluate their


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