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UGA KINS 2010 - Careers in Health and Fitness

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Current LectureChapter 13: Careers in Health and FitnessProfessionals in Health and FitnessGroup fitness instructorHealth and fitness specialistWellness coachPersonal trainerHealth and fitness directorSpecialist positions: public health educator, clinical exercise physiologist, registered dieticianACSM CPT CertificationMust Pass 150 Question ExamDomain I: Initial Client Consultation and Assessment – 26%Domain II: Exercise Programming and Implementation – 27%Domain III: Exercise Leadership and Client Education – 27%Domain IV: Legal, Professional, Business and Marketing – 20%Domain I: Initial Client Consultation and Assessment BasicsHealth‐Related Physical Fitness ComponentsCardiovascular endurance: the ability of the circulatory and respiratory system to supply oxygen during sustained physical activity.Body composition: the relative amounts of muscle, fat, bone, and other vital parts of the body.Muscular strength: the ability of muscle to assert force.Muscular endurance: the ability of muscle to continue to perform without fatigue.Flexibility: the range of motion available at a joint.Why do initial assessment?Risk StratificationProvide data that are helpful in development of exercise prescriptionsEducate participants about their present health‐related fitness statusCollect baseline data to allow evaluation of progressAssessment includes: Body Composition, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Muscular Strength, Muscular Endurance, Flexibility (Health‐Related Physical Fitness Components)ACSM Recommendations for PAThe ACSM recommends that most adults engage in moderate‐ intensity cardiorespiratory exercise training for ≥30 min∙d−1 on ≥5 d∙wk−1 for a total of ≥150 min∙wk−1, vigorous‐intensity cardiorespiratory exercise training for ≥20 min∙d−1 on ≥3 d∙wk−1 (≥75 min∙wk−1), or a combination of moderate‐ and vigorous‐intensity exercise.On 2‐3 d∙wk−1, adults should also perform resistance exercises for each of the major muscle groups, and neuromotor exercise involving balance, agility, and coordination.Crucial to maintaining joint range of movement, completing a series of flexibility exercises for each the major muscle‐tendon groups (a total of 60 s per exercise) on ≥2 d∙wk−1 is recommended.Domain II: Exercise Programming and ImplementationSingle exercise session should include:Warm‐upStretchingConditioning or sports‐related exerciseCool‐downRate of progression:FITT – Frequency, Intensity, Time, TypeDuring initial phase, increase duration (Time) first.After individual has been exercising regularly for ≈ one month or more, frequency, intensity, and/or time is increased to meet recommendationsMuscular FitnessIndividual (untrained) should resistance train each major muscle group (chest, shoulders, upper and lower back, abdomen, hips, and legs) 2‐3 d∙wk−1 with at least 48 hours separating the exercise training sessions for the same muscle group.Each muscle group should be trained for a total of 2‐4 sets.To improve muscular strength and mass, a resistance exercise that allows a person to complete 8‐12 repetitions per set should be selected (≈60‐80% of one‐repetition maximum).If the objective is to improve muscular endurance, a higher number of repetitions (15‐25) should be performed with shorter rest intervals and fewer sets (no more than 50% 1‐RM).Progression: as muscles adapt to the training program, the participant should continue to subject them to overload or greater stimuli.Flexibility – Stretching 101Most effective when the muscles are warm.Should be performed at least 2‐3 d∙wk−1.Should involve the major muscle tendon groups of the body≥ 4 repetitions per muscle group is recommended.Static stretches should be held for 15‐60 seconds.Should be performed before and/or after the conditioning phase.Recommendations to Enhance Exercise AdherenceIdentify individualized, attainable goals and objectives for exercise.Identify social support for exercise.Establish a regular schedule of exercise.Identify environmental supports and reminders for exercise.Identify motivational exercise outcomes for self‐monitoring of exercise progress and achievements, such as exercise logs and pedometers.Domain III: Exercise Leadership and Client EducationThree E’s to Successful Training:Effective: accomplishes objectivesEfficient: maximizes the time availableEngaging: creates an interactive and engaging relationshipFive Components of Sequential Exercise Training (SET)Data gatheringObservation, evaluation, and feedbackExercise program development and implementationGoals and objectivesClients need analysisDomain IV: Legal, Professional, Business, and MarketingStarting a businessEstablishing a budgetManagement and policiesHiring and empowering personal trainersMarketingSalesPricingBusiness planningProfessional standardsKINS 2010 1st Edition Lecture 28 Outline of Last Lecture I. Definition of Therapeutic ExerciseII. Types of Therapeutic Exercisea. Rehabilitativeb. HabilitativeIII. Professions in Therapeutic Exercise Outline of Current Lecture I. Professionals in Health and FitnessII. ACSM CPT Certificationa. Domains I-IV Current Lecture Chapter 13: Careers in Health and Fitness Professionals in Health and Fitness- Group fitness instructor- Health and fitness specialist- Wellness coach- Personal trainer- Health and fitness director- Specialist positions: public health educator, clinical exercise physiologist, registered dietician  ACSM CPT Certification - Must Pass 150 Question Exam - Domain I: Initial Client Consultation and Assessment – 26% - Domain II: Exercise Programming and Implementation – 27% - Domain III: Exercise Leadership and Client Education – 27% - Domain IV: Legal, Professional, Business and Marketing – 20% These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.Domain I: Initial Client Consultation and Assessment Basics- Health‐Related Physical Fitness Components - Cardiovascular endurance: the ability of the circulatory and respiratory system to supply oxygen during sustained physical activity. - Body composition: the relative amounts of muscle, fat, bone, and other vital parts of the body. - Muscular strength: the ability of muscle to assert force. - Muscular endurance: the ability of muscle to continue to perform without fatigue. - Flexibility: the range of motion


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