UGA KINS 2010 - Final Exam Study Guide (52 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide


Study Guide for all lectures throughout the entire semester

Study Guide
University of Georgia
Kins 2010 - Intro to Kins
Documents in this Packet
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KINS 2010 1st Edition Final Exam Study Guide Lectures 1 31 Lecture 1 Chapter 1 What is kinesiology Define physical activity and its two general categories What is exercise and why do we perform it Kinesiology is a discipline or body of knowledge that focuses on physical activity kinesis causes motion Physical Activity voluntary movement intentionally performed to achieve a goal in sport exercise or some other sphere of life 2 general categories o Skilled movement motor skills sports skills o Exercise health related training conditioning for sport therapeutic Exercise is a subset of physical activity o Planned structured repetitive o Performed to maintain or improve some aspect of physical fitness Are these physical activities Showering yes Walking to class yes Texting a friend yes Yawning no because not voluntary Running a 10K race yes Watching TV no Sleeping no because not voluntary Lecture 2 Chapter 1 cont What is physical fitness Define the five components of health related fitness What are the three sources of kinesiology knowledge Physical fitness physical factors related to the ability to perform physical activity Five components of health related fitness o Muscular strength the maximal amount of force produced by a muscle or muscle group o Muscular endurance the ability to sustain physical activity for extended periods of time without stopping o Flexibility range of motion about the body s joints o Aerobic power maximal amount of oxygen consumed per unit time VO2 max o Body composition the proportion of fat water bone and other lean tissue constituents of the human body Three sources of kinesiology knowledge Experiential knowledge physical activity experience o Direct participation in physical activity Theoretical research knowledge scholarly study of physical activity Professional practice knowledge professional practice centered in physical activity Lecture 3 4 Chapter 2 What are the 7 overlapping Spheres of Physical Activity Experience Sphere of Education building blocks for developmental skills and sports skills o Developmental motor skills o Sport skills o Learning skills o Social interaction o Character and discipline o Physical Education not a new concept A physically educated person Demonstrates competency in many movement forms and proficiency in a few movement forms Applies movement concepts and principles to the learning and development of motor skills Participates regularly in physical activity Understands that physical activity provides opportunities for enjoyment challenge self expression and social interaction o Daily PE could help to slow the increase in childhood obesity o As people age they stop being relatively active Sphere of Health Sphere of Self Sufficiency o Physical activity and independence Physical activity is necessary to care for oneself Activities of daily living ADLs Personal care behavior such as bathing dressing eating walking etc Instrumental activities of daily living IADLs Those needed to function independently in a community More complex Light housework preparing meals taking medications groceries telephone etc Causes of disabilities that limit self sufficiency Most common causes of disability in the US are depression back pain arthritis and heart problems Also accidents aging congenital disease and lifestyle limit self sufficiency o Differentiate these activities Showering ADL Cooking dinner IADL Paying bills IADL Putting on shoes ADL Role of kinesiology Enhance disabled people s ability to function Prevent or slow declines in their function Improve quality of life among people with disabilities Sphere of Work o About 2 3 of the adult population has a job that involves no activity o Active work stations fad or wave of the future Sphere of Leisure o Leisure time with physical activity Sphere of Competition o Sports activities that contain physical activity o 4 types of competition Side by side competing with someone without physical interaction examples swimming racing Face to face Noncontact examples are volleyball baseball softball Face to face Contact examples are wrestling football basketball Impersonal solo activity where you compete against yourself Sphere of Self Expression o Gestures movements of our hands fingers or other body parts used to communicate our intentions to other 3 types of gestures Emblems body movements usually hand movements that can be directly translated into words and are easily understood by those in the culture or subculture in which they are used Illustrators gestures that we use to illustrate or complement what we are saying Regulators body movements used to guide the flow of conversation o Instrumental movements critical movements required to attain the goal of the activity o Expressive movements idiosyncratic movements that are not required for goal attainment but that express something about the individual Lecture 5 Chapter 3 What is the importance of physical activity experiences The Importance of Physical Activity Experiences Activity Experience Training in observation of practice of or participation in physical activity to increase one s capacity for physical performance Differentiated from subjective physical activity experiences reactions feelings and thoughts Factors that influence our decision to engage in physical activity Personal circumstances o Geography o Local physical activity culture o Economic Considerations As you increase the amount of money you make you engage in more physical activity o Personal attributes Self perceptions Feelings Competency Social Environment o Types and amounts of physical activity experiences you pursue both as a child and as an adult are influenced by people with whom you interact on a regular basis o Key players Parents Teachers and coaches Peers Physical Activity Preferences Reflect the uniqueness of the individual Physical activity professionals need to pay attention to the people they are working with especially their o Needs o Desires o Personal attributes What are the types of physical activity experience What is the relationship between performance experience and physical fitness Nature of Improvement in Physical Activity depends on the types of physical activity experience Skill Practice and Learning o Motor skills physical activities in which performers try to attain goals by executing efficient coordinated motor responses o Practice physical activity experience that involves cognitive processing and leads to skill improvement o Learning permanent

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