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UGA KINS 2010 - Sports Sociology: Issues and Controversies

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KINS 2010 1st Edition Lecture 12 Outline of Last Lecture I History of Physical Activity in North America a Critical time periods i 1840 1900 ii 1900 1950 iii 1950 present Outline of Current Lecture I Sociology of Sport a Definition of Sociology b Social world II Sport a Play v Dramatic Spectacle III The Sociology of Sport IV Ideologies a Dominant Ideology b Gender Ideology c Race Ideology d Class Ideology These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Current Lecture Sports Sociology Issues and Controversies Sociology of Sport What is it and why study it Sociology the study of the social worlds that people create organize maintain and change through relationships with each other Social world an identifiable sphere of everyday actions and relationships o Culture the shared ways of life and shared understandings that people develop as they live together o Social interaction people taking each other into account and in the process influencing each other o Social structure the established patterns in relationships and social arrangements that take shape as people live work and play with each other Sport defined by Sports Sociologist well established official governed competitive physical activities in which participants are motivated by external rewards Pros allows sport to be distinguished from other activities provides a common focus for people doing research and developing theories Cons privileges people with the resources to organize competitive games and the interest in doing so overlooks those without resources or inclinations to complete Play v Dramatic Spectacle o Play an expressive activity done for its own sake o Dramatic spectacle the exact opposite of play Sport is a mixture of the two An alternative approach to defining sports Determine the activities that people identify as sports in a group or society Determine whose sports are most strongly supported and funded especially with public facilities and money Sports are contested activities This means that there are struggles over o The meaning purpose and organization of sports o The people allowed to play sports and the conditions under which they play o The people and organizations that sponsor and provide the resources needed to play sports The Sociology of Sport A sub discipline of sociology that studies sport as part of social and cultural life Focuses on organized competitive sports Helps us ask critical questions about sports in society Sociology provides useful o Concepts theories and research methods Sports are social constructions parts of the social world that are created by people as they interact with one another under particular social political and economic conditions Sports can take different forms and be given different meanings Sports are not static activities Sports as a part of society are social constructions Sociology and controversies Sociological research often provides evidence that there is a need to change the organization of sports and the organization of society Sports reaffirm important ideas and beliefs including ideologies Sports are integrated into major spheres of social life family economy media politics education and religion o Ideologies webs of ideas and beliefs that people use to give meaning to the world and make sense of their experiences Sports can be organized to reinforce or challenge these ideologies Characteristics Never established once and for all time Emerge as people struggle over the meaning and organization of social life Complex and inconsistent Change as power relationships change in society Dominant Ideology represents the perspectives and ideas favored by people who have power and influence in society Serves the interests of people with power and influence Gender Ideology a web of ideas and beliefs about masculinity femininity and male female relationships in the organization of social worlds Basis for Defining what it means to be a man or a woman Evaluating and judging people and relationships Determining what is natural and moral related to gender Dominant Gender Ideology prevailing notions of common sense about maleness and femaleness in a group or society Race Ideology a web of ideas and beliefs that people use to give meaning to skin color and to evaluate people in forms of social organization in terms of racial classifications Dominant Racial Ideology prevailing ideas about the meanings of skin color and the characteristics of people classified in various racial categories Class Ideology a web of ideas and beliefs that people use to understand economic inequalities and make sense of their own positions and the positions of others in an economic hierarchy in society In the US it is organized around the idea of the American Dream and the belief that American society is a meritocracyyou re responsible for your economic outcome


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