TAMU HIST 105 - Constitutional Amendments (3 pages)

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Constitutional Amendments

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Constitutional Amendments


Lecture number:
Lecture Note
Texas A&M University
Hist 105 - History Of The U S
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HIST 105 1nd Edition Lecture 36 Outline of previous lecture I II III Texas ordinance of secession Emancipation Proclamation Gettysburg address Outline of current lecture I Election of 1864 II Lincoln inaugural address III Constitutional Amendments a 13 b 14 c 15 IV Reconstruction V Republican power VI Agriculture Current lecture Election of 1864 o Democrats Tired of war General George McClellan Running Demanded armistice o Opposed Lincoln Say he abused executive power War s purpose from Union to emancipation When he became president his objective was to save maintain the union He could deal with slavery to keep the union together All that changes with the emancipation proclamation New objective o Candidates Lincoln Republican wins McClellan Democrat Lincoln s 2nd Inaugural Address o With malice toward none with charity for all with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right let us strive on to finish the work we are in to bind up the nation s wounds Constitutional Amendments These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute o 13th 1865 Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist in the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction Slavery is now in the Constitution o 14th 1868 All persons born or naturalized in the United States are citizens of the United States Dred Scott No state shall deprive any person of life liberty or property without due process of law o 15th 1870 The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by and State of account of race color or previous condition of servitude Reconstruction o What was reconstruction Began before Civil War ended 1863 1877 Objectives Adjustment to the end of slavery Re admittance of state to the Union o The slave went free stood a brief moment in the sun then moved back again toward slavery W E B Du Bois First black man to get a PhD from Harvard About the transition of the blacks o People Civil War survivors Northern officials Southern planters African Americans Poor whites Had a lot more in common with the now free blacks but still sided with the white elites o Casual Arguments for Failure Blacks cultural deprivation and political immaturity Force and betrayal Impediments to Reconstruction o Political compromises o Immensity of the task It was a lot of work to do and didn t have that many people to do it o Southern fears So many former slaves whites thought there would be retribution o Declining Interest Focus of expansion Overseas Westward Industrialization North AND South Resistance vs reconciliation Republican Power o Waving the bloody shirt How much they sacrificed to accomplish everything o Won the war o Saved the Union o Freed the slaves Legislation o Pacific Railroad Act 1862 o Homestead Act 1862 o Morrill Land Grant Act 1862 Blacks Demonstrated Freedom o Leaving the plantation o Town and city jobs o Marriage o New Names Get rid of their master s names for them Top Priorities for Freed African Americans o Land o Education Agriculture o Gang labor Worst for the former slaves o Sharecropping A freeman would borrow some land and the crop that would come out of it was shared between him and the owner o Tenancy I grow what I want to grow and I don t have to share it with you o Former slaves had to get credit from the merchants but they would charge them high rates A lot of times at the end of the season they didn t have enough money to pay everything off so they would end up staying in the same place because they are indebted o Land ownership

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