TAMU HIST 105 - Exam 3 Study Guide (45 pages)

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Exam 3 Study Guide

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Exam 3 Study Guide


Study Guide
Texas A&M University
Hist 105 - History Of The U S
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HIST 105 1nd Edition Study guide test 3 Lectures 22 32 Lecture 22 Visiting the US Marquis de Lafayette 1824 Says people are patriotic Growth o Population people are healthier o Size o Wealth US economic picture 1820 1860 o 1860 civil war Boom and bust cycles US economic advantage Domestic and foreign capital Government support o Link between government and business Industrialization Entrepreneurial spirit Natural resources o Land water Population growth o People were healthy Transportation o Moving people and goods Canals Railroads Florida Had gone back to Spain European powers are losing grip on colonies Andrew Jackson Retaliation for Seminole attacks Jackson seized east Florida o Spain empire unable to manage support and defend 1819 Adams Onis Treaty Fur trade John Jacob Astor Trades with Indians Trading with Mountain men Native Americans Five civilized tribes o Cherokee o Chickasaw o Choctaw o Creek Does not accommodate o Seminole Does not accommodate Accommodation o Agriculture Black slaves Pressure in Old Northwest Jeffersonian concept o Remain as farmers o Others trans Mississippi Growing attitude savages Farm lands Speculators o Guys who buy the land and sell it for a profit Squatters Surplus production o Produced more grain than people who can just eat Communities on rivers Self sufficiency o No slaves Ever farther westward o Opportunities Transportation 1815 president James madison Federal program Internal Improvements o roads o canals o railroads National road to move goods Toll road Cumberland MD first started West Virginia came after Wheeling VA by 1818 Vandalia IL by 1838 Robert Fulton 1765 1815 Inventor o Steam boat Fulton s Folly North river Erie canal Albany to Buffalo Other canals Philadelphia to Pittsburgh Ohio river to Cleveland Chicago to Illinois river Farming Fertile land Steel plow Better strains of crops Transportation o Opportunity to expand agriculture opportunity Wheat o NY and PA o Ohm IN IL Tobacco upper south Rice SC Sugar LA King cotton lower south Lecture 23 Financial World Demand o Money o Credit State banks o Printed own currency went down in value inflation 1816 2nd bank of the United States o 20 year charter Political issue Growth of Textile Manufacturing Artisanal and in homework declined Francis Cabot Lowell Mill work increased o Power comes from water wheel must live near place with water o Machines Protection of domestic manufacturers Lowell Women Women are underemployed o Move in mill towns Working conditions o Not safe or clean o Moved into boarding houses Social lives o lots of women o Not many eligible men Labor activism o Strikes Percentage of employed What s the trend from 1810 1840 o Agriculture decreased o Factory increased Urbanization Industries Commercial centers Mill towns Banking Transportation hubs Era of Good Feelings James Monroe o 1817 1825 o Virginian last of founding fathers o Republican o One party dominated American System Henry Clay KY o War hawks o Industrial growth o High tariff Protects domestic manufactures o Home market o Internal improvements Things that support the economy Things that support the society Missouri Compromise Whether state admitted free or slave Political balance New state of Maine admitted free o Missouri will be slave state o Maine will be free state New states from Louisiana purchase free north of 36 degree 30 A fire bell in the night Thomas Jefferson US Supreme court John Marshall o Chief justice of the Untied States Encouraged idea of economic development McCulloch vs Maryland o Maryland imposed tax o Baltimore branch of Bank of the United States o Unconstitutional o US had the right to establish national banks o State had no right to tax US agency o South unhappy with the decision Foreign policy Threat of reemergence of Spain and France in hemisphere Free nations better markets o Liked idea of independent countries Monroe Doctrine 1823 o Free nations in the Americas o US out of European affairs Lecture 24 Democracy 1820 1830 s Theme popular sovereignty SPEC o Position formerly Education Wealth Influence o Shifted to Not equality of reward But equality to opportunity Capitalism Does not go away still exists today Pragmatically speaking Urban o No real estate o No other assets o Class of low paid workers North can condemn south for having slavery Rural o Successful commercial farmers o Small holders o Tenants Someone else owns the land Information Newspapers Information Politics o Everyone was involved Political power Women blacks and Indians were still marginalized The electorate expanded through stats elimination of property requirements o States get rid of rules people are having greater opportunity to vote Factionalism grew Political power argument Producing sector o Laborers o Farmers o Small businesses Non producing sector o Bankers o Speculators o Capitalists Political Issues Banks Tariffs Internal improvements Role of federal government Voting percent of white makes 1824 27 1828 55 o Andrew Jackson man of the people 1840 78 trend increases 1824 Presidential Election Election decided Henry Clay supported John Quincy Adams Secretary of state Henry Clay Jackson Corrupt bargain John Q Adams Domestic o Industrial development o Transportation improvements o Scientific research Believes there is a future International o Commerce Sometimes at risks traveling around world o Moderate of tariffs Import goods more expensive Northerners more supportive on tariffs o Tariff of Abominations Election 1828 Jackson becomes President Democratic o Rural areas cotton Nations average people versus Monied aristocracy opposed local state improvements supported national improvements o supportive of light houses Jackson and Native Americans Indian Removal Act 1830 Doomed to weakness and decay o Argument that Andrew Jackson makes o Native culture is being surrounded Humanity and national honor o nation owes him to his humanity to move Indians prevailed in supreme court Harassment intimidation bribery o If native Americans did not move Removal treaty Trail of Tears Move from Georgia to Indian Territory present day Oklahoma o Native Americans died from starvation and exposure to the weather Seminoles Second Seminole War 1834 1841 Intermarried with escaped slaves The Tariff Issue May 1828 Tariffs of Abominations o For New England Mid Atlantic states o Against Tariffs south South have to purchase manufactured goods from the north They are not selling all their cotton domestically Want to ship cotton to England John

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