UNC-Chapel Hill PSYC 101 - Psychology (4 pages)

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Psychology



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Psych 101 Edition 1nd Lecture Outline of Last Lecture I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIII XIV XV XVI XVII XVIII XIX XX XXI XXII XXIII Psychology Social Attribution Internal Attribution External Attribution Stability Causes Of Actor Observer Bias Gender Bias Attraction Physical Attractiveness Factors Of similarity Attitude Attitude Dimensions Types of attitudes Outline of Current Lecture XXIV XXV XXVI XXVII XXVIII XXIX XXX XXXI XXXII Psychology Attitude formation Conformity Obedience Group behavior Altruism What else is social psychology Emotions Effect Bystander XXXIII XXXIV XXXV XXXVI XXXVII XXXVIII XXXIX XL XLI XLII XLIII XLIV XLV Zimbardo The power of the situation Milgram Obedience Conformity Normative Conformity Behavior Social Ambivalent Attitude Positive Dissonance Current Lecture Theories of Attitude Formation Change Learning Theory That attitudes are learned through parents media culture and peers Evaluating conditioning transfer the emotions from the unconditioned stimulus to new conditional stimulus Ex Miller Lite commercial Operant Conditioning Stating an opinion and reactions from others reinforces or weaken attitude Your attitude will either be weakened or reinforced by your family or peers Observational learning Exposure to viewpoints may influence your own attitudes family friends teachers etc Cognitive Dissonance Occurs in one of two instances A person has at least two beliefs ideas values or attitudes that are inconsistent A person is presented with information that is inconsistent with their current beliefs ideas values or attitudes May lead to People to change their belief or attitude Change the inconsistent cognition Justify their behavior by changing or adding to their knowledge base new cognition Ignore or deny it Taylor Swift Skit Ambivalent Attitude occurs within the attitude itself Positive Dissonance between attitude and external factor Social Behavior The Influence of the Group Conformity Yielding to real or imagined social pressure Asch conformity studies https www youtube com watch v sno1TpCLj6A https www youtube com watch v uuvGh n3I M Group size Peaks around 7 6 members and then levels off Unanimity Normative conformity when you want other people to accept you or like you Why do we conform To get the information right To be liked What factors influence conformity Presence of an ally Obedience is following a direct command usually from someone in a position of authority Milgram 1963 the effects of punishment on learning Teachers learners Real participants staged participants https www youtube com watch v yr5cjyokVUs Some factors that affected the punisher Can t see the person being hurt Responsibility Doctor in charge Credibility Why do we obey We ve been socializing to do so for so long Helps you feel liked and accepted Feels like were doing something right The power of the situation Zimbardo Stanford prison Simulation Social roles People thought this is how a prison guard should act and this is how prisoners should act according to expectations of their role https www youtube com watch v GePFFf5gRKo Are these studies ethical What lessons do these studies hold for how we understand ethical behavior in society Generalization to everyday society Scandals e g UNC conformity or obedience The challenge of being a whistleblower Bystander Effect when someone needs assistance or help they re less likely to do it if there is a group of people present vs if they re alone New York tragedy March 27th 1964 New York Times Kitty Genovese


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